Advertisement

Vicarious Liability

  • Ronald L. Eisenberg

Abstract

An employer is vicariously liable for any tortuous acts committed by an employee within the scope of employment. Known legally as respondeat superior (literally, “let the person higher up answer”), the Latin term derives historically from the liability of a servant that was imputed to the master. In the contemporary medical setting, it refers to the liability relationships among staff physicians and nurses, technologists, and residents, or between hospitals and physicians. It is important to remember that staff radiologists may be held liable for the actions of their technologists or residents, even though their own conduct may have been completely blameless.

Keywords

Staff Physician Hospital Employee Radiology Technologist Staff Radiologist Independent Contractor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Endnotes

  1. 1.
    Baker v. Story, 621 SW2d 639 (Tex App 1981).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Miller RD, Hutton RC. Problems in Health Care Law, 8th ed. Gaithersburg (MD), Aspen, 2000, pg. 380.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Petrovich v Share Health Plan, Lexis 148 (Ill App 1998).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Berlin L. Liability of radiologists when supervising technologists. AJR 1999; 172: 285–289.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    Berlin L. Liability of attending physicians when supervising residents. AJR 1998; 171: 295–298.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Baker v Story, 621 SW2d 639 (Tex App 1981).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Klein v Boyle et al, 776 F Supp 285 (West. Dis. VA 1991).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    McCullough v Hutzel Hospital, 276 NW2d 569 (Mich App 1979).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rouse v Pitt County Memorial Hospital et al, 470 SE2d 44 (NC 1996).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Berlin L. Liability of attending physicians when supervising residents. AJR 1998; 171: 295–298.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Spigos D, Freedy L, Mueller C. 24-hour coverage by attending physicians: a new paradigm. AJR 1996; 167: 1089–1090.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Steele RD, Kerr HH. 24-hour radiology. AJR 1997; 169: 953–954.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Berlin L. Liability of chairpersons when administering radiology departments. AJR 2000; 175: 967–972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
    Maxwell v Cole, 482 NYS2d 1000 (NY 1984).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Klein v Boyle et al, 776 F Supp 285 (West. Dis. VA 1991).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Reuter SR. Professional liability in postgraduate medical education: who is liable for resident negligence? J Leg Med 1994; 15: 485–531.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Berlin L. Liability of chairpersons when administering radiology departments. AJR 2000; 175: 967–972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Schmitz v St. Lukes Hospital et al (D.N.D. 1966).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Boumil MM, Elias CE. The Law of Medical Liability. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing, 1995.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schloendorff v Society of New York Hospital, 105 NE 92 (NY 1914).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bing v Thunig, 143 NE2d 3 (NY 1957).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Berlin L. Vicarious liability. AJR 1997; 169: 621–624.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Keene v Methodist Hospital 324 F. Suppl 231 (N.D. Ind. 1971).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Beeck v Tucson General Hospital 18 Ariz App. 165, 500 P.2d 1153 (1972).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Miller RD, Hutton RC. Problems in Health Care Law, 8th ed. Gaithersburg (MD), Aspen, 2000, pg. 318.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Jackson v Power, 743 P2d 1376 (Alaska 1987).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Marek v Professional Health Services, 432 A.2d 538 (NJ 1981).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Berlin L. Vicarious liability. AJR 1997; 169: 621–624.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
  34. 34.
    Miller RD, Hutton RC. Problems in Health Care Law, 8th ed. Gaithersburg (MD), Aspen, 2000, pgs. 382–388.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald L. Eisenberg
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyAlameda County Medical CenterOaklandUSA
  2. 2.University of California School of Medicine at San Francisco and DavisUSA

Personalised recommendations