Modeling Metal Bioavailability for Marine Mussels

  • Wen-Xiong Wang
  • Nicholas S. Fisher
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 151)

Abstract

Metal bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms has received extensive attention over the last several decades because metal toxicity is directly dependent on metal accumulation. However, a mechanistic understanding of metal bioavailability is limited for most of these studies. The routes and rates of metal uptake are relatively unknown for most metals and most aquatic organisms (Luoma 1989). Because many of these experimental studies use unrealistically high contaminant concentrations and are conducted under relatively simple experimental conditions, they are not applicable to field conditions characterized by temporal and spatial variation and sporadic contaminant input. It is therefore appropriate to develop a new approach to address metal bioavailability by considering all processes responsible for metal accumulation in aquatic organisms and the variations likely to be encountered in the field. Such an approach would also enable realistic predictions of metal concentrations in marine organisms under diverse field conditions.

Keywords

Mercury Chromium Cadmium Arsenic Respiration 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wen-Xiong Wang
    • 1
  • Nicholas S. Fisher
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Sciences Research CenterState University of New YorkStony BrookUSA

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