DNA Profiling: Probabilities and Proof
Throughout this book, we have provided illustrations of the methods of collecting and analyzing data of legal interest with the tools of social science and statistics. This chapter examines the use of probability and statistics in forensic science — a discipline that draws primarily on laboratory science to provide courtroom evidence.1 In particular, we describe the problems in establishing to the satisfaction of the courts that a specific type of DNA profiling is a scientifically valid and reliable method for identifying individuals.2 Then, we examine some of the difficulties that can arise in presenting the results of DNA profiling in court.
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