Physiology of Pain

  • Richard E. Blackwell
  • David L. Olive


The acquisition of pain avoidance represents a major step in adaptation in terms of evolutionary biology. Organisms were randomly selected who could evolve, systems to detect pain, process its significance, and institute appropriate avoidance. This did not occur in a teleological sense—organisms cannot “will” structural changes that benefit their survival—rather, it evolved in terms of the laws of general adaptation.1


Dorsal Horn Trigger Point Gamma Amino Butyric Acid Myofascial Pain Syndrome Substantia Gelatinosa 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard E. Blackwell
  • David L. Olive

There are no affiliations available

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