Laser Surgery of the Genitourinary Tract

  • John N. Kabalin


LASER is an acronym forlightamplification by stimulatedemission ofradiation. The quantum mechanical theories on which the design of the laser is predicated date to Albert Einstein and 1917. The first ruby laser was created in 1960, based on the principles first delineated by Einstein. Theories that took more than four decades for physicists to bring to practical application are obviously beyond the scope of this medical text, but the clinician using laser light can benefit from a basic understanding of this unique energy source.


Laser Fiber Bladder Neck Urethral Stricture Laser Lithotripsy Bladder Neck Contracture 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

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  • John N. Kabalin

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