How to Create Simple STELLA® Models to Solve Basic Equations

  • James L. Hargrove
Part of the Modeling Dynamic Systems book series (MDS)


Biomarkers such as levels of cholesterol in the blood plasma, triglycerides, glucose, urinary creatinine, and anthropometric measures such as the ratio of weight to height, body composition, and body mass index represent keys to monitoring human health and assessing risk for disease. For this reason, educators and counselors in medicine, nutrition, and public health employ many formulae and quantitative relationships that provide means to assess health status and plan corrective actions or therapies for their patients. This is true not only for patients with established heart disease, diabetes, or obesity, but also for individuals who are interested in preventative medicine or personal strategies for maintaining fitness and minimizing the effects of aging.


Word Processor Calculate Body Mass Index System Diagram Total Energy Content Assess Health Status 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Keys, A., and R. W. Parlin. “Serum cholesterol responses to changes in dietary lipids.” Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 19 (1966): 175–181.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Internet Addresses

  1. One of the most exciting developments in computer modeling is the ability to share information and resources by electronic file transfer using the World Wide Web. This is an exploding area, but here are a few listings in system dynamics and modeling.Google Scholar
  2. Centre for Nonlinear Dynamics in Physiology and Medicine, McGill University, A group with research interests and training programs in biomedical system dynamics.Google Scholar
  3. Directory of Biomedical Technology Resource Centers: ADVANCED COMPUTATION, A directory of resources originally funded by the National Institutes of Health.Google Scholar
  4. Library of Mathematical Models of Biological Systems, Georgetown University Medical Center, A collection of mathematical models collected with support from the National Science Foundation by a prominent group of colleagues with special expertise in biomedical modeling and nutrition research.Google Scholar
  5. MIT System Dynamics Group, lists home pages for several faculty and students, including Jay W. Forrester, John Sterman, and others. Tom Fiddaman’s home page has a bibliography and list of models.Google Scholar
  6. MIT System Dynamics Education Project, National Simulation Resource at the University of Washington, http://nsr.bioeng. Scholar
  7. Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic home page, Scholar
  8. Resource Facility for Kinetic Analysis, htm#kin. Home of the SAAM II computer program, maintained by the group that developed and sells one of the major simulation programs used in biomedical research.Google Scholar
  9. System Dynamics hyperlinks, Scholar
  10. System Dynamics Mailing List, Scholar
  11. System Dynamics Modeling and STELLA on the World Wide Web (WWW), Extensive list of links and modeling projects maintained by Bob Gotwals.Google Scholar


  1. McArdle, W.D., F.I. Katch, and V. Katch. Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition, and Human Performance. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1991.Google Scholar
  2. National Research Council. Recommended Dietary Allowances. 10th ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1989.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • James L. Hargrove
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Foods and NutritionUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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