Carbohydrates are the most widely distributed, naturally occurring organic compounds on Earth. They include some of the first organic compounds to have their structures determined. As such, carbohydrates helped establish and bridge the disciplines of organic chemistry and biochemistry. They played a particularly important role in the development of the field of optical isomerism.


Sugar Starch Alginate Chitin Pectin 


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Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    M. A. Rosanoff, J. Am. Chem. Soc.,28 (1906) 114–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. S. Hudson, Adv. Carbohydr. Chem.,3 (1948) 12–22.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • John F. Robyt
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Enzymology Department of Biochemistry and BiophysicsIowas State UniversityAmesUSA

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