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Bioconversion of Acrylonitrile to Acrylamide Using a Thermostable Nitrile Hydratase

Part of the Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology book series (ABAB)

Abstract

Although providing an attractive route for production of acrylamide from acrylonitrile, utilization of nitrile hydratase enzymes has been limited by the requirement for low temperature bioconversion conditions. This report summarizes a search for thermostable nitrile hydratases from aerobic moderate thermophiles screened for ability to grow on acrylonitrile at concentrations to 1% at elevated temperatures. A new isolate Bacillus sp. BR449 constitutively expresses a thermostable nitrile hydratase with properties including low substrate inhibition and broad temperature range with optimal activity at 55° C. With prolonged exposure, BR449 nitrile hydratase exhibited temperature-dependent inactivation by acrylonitrile, which is attributed to alkyla-tion of nucleophilic sites on the enzyme.

Index Entries

Nitrile hydratase thermophile acrylamide 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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