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Management and Utilization of Poultry Wastes

  • C. M. Wiliams
  • J. C. Barker
  • J. T. Sims
Chapter
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 162)

Abstract

Poultry products are consumed by most ethnic populations worldwide. In recent years, the global production of poultry meat and eggs has increased at an annual rate of approximately 5% with the United States, China, the former Soviet Union countries, Brazil, France, and Japan representing dominant production countries. In 1991, nearly 40 million metric tons (t) of poultry meat and 600 billion eggs were produced globally (Sims and Wolf 1994). In the United States, poultry production increased by 44% between 1982 and 1994, representing a recent annual production inventory of nearly 8 billion broilers, 300 million layers, and 300 million turkeys (Bagley et al. 1996; U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry 1997).

Keywords

Anaerobic Digestion Animal Waste Poultry Manure Poultry Litter Land Application 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. M. Wiliams
    • 1
  • J. C. Barker
    • 2
  • J. T. Sims
    • 3
  1. 1.Animal and Poultry Waste Management CenterNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological and Agricultural EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  3. 3.Department of Plant and Soil SciencesUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

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