Organochlorine Residues and Elemental Contaminants in U.S. Freshwater Fish, 1976-1986: National Contaminant Biomonitoring Program

  • Christopher J. Schmitt
  • Jim L. Zajicek
  • Thomas W. May
  • Deborah F. Cowman
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 162)


The National Contaminant Biomonitoring Program (NCBP) was maintained for two decades by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) to document temporal and geographic trends in concentrations of environmental contaminants that may threaten the nation’s fish and wildlife resources. Initiated in 1967 as a component of the National Pesticide Monitoring Program, the NCBP comprised the periodic collections of freshwater fish, European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) and duck wings and the analyses of these samples for persistent environmental contaminants (52). The NCBP provided information on the success of legislative and regulatory actions intended to reduce environmental concentrations of bioaccumulative toxins and on the effects of changing agricultural practices.


Common Carp Lake Trout Heptachlor Epoxide Organochlorine Residue Elemental Contaminant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher J. Schmitt
    • 1
  • Jim L. Zajicek
    • 1
  • Thomas W. May
    • 1
  • Deborah F. Cowman
    • 2
  1. 1.U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources DivisionColumbia Environmental Research Center (CERC)ColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.CERC-Brazos Field Station, Department of Wildlife and FisheriesTexas A&M University, College StationUSA

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