Force on Two-Level Atoms

  • Harold J. Metcalf
  • Peter van der Straten
Part of the Graduate Texts in Contemporary Physics book series (GTCP)


Laser cooling and trapping rely on the interaction between laser light and atoms to exert a controllable force on the atoms, and many sophisticated schemes have been developed using the special properties of the interaction. The outcome is a new field called laser cooling and trapping of atoms that has flourished over the last decade.




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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold J. Metcalf
    • 1
  • Peter van der Straten
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsSUNY at Stony BrookStony BrookUSA
  2. 2.Faculty of Physics and AstronomyDebye InstituteUtrechtThe Netherlands

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