Climate As a Factor in Regional Planning

  • Vernon Meentemeyer
Part of the Springer Series on Environmental Management book series (SSEM)


There may be no greater constraint on the biota and human societies of a region than climate. Climate can be viewed as a resource, offering immense benefits, but it also can produce episodic “events” that are hazardous to living things. Along with the topography (Chapter 3), it provides the foundation on which all land-water processes take place.


Convection Lignin Photosynthesis Expense Resis 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. André, J.-C.; Bougeault, P.; Mahfouf, J.-F.; Mas-cart, P.; Noilhan, J.; Pinty, J.-P. Impacts of forests on mesoscale meteorology.Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London B324:406–422; 1989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brutsaert, W.M.Evaporation into the Atmosphere. Dordrecht: D. Reidel; 1982.Google Scholar
  3. Chadwick-Healey Ltd.World Climate Disc: Global Climatic Change Data on CD-ROMwith User Manual and Reference Guide. Price £595.00. Cambridge: Chadwick-Healey Ltd; 1992.Google Scholar
  4. Cotton, W.R.; Pielke, R.A.Human Impacts on Weather and Climate.New York: Cambridge University Press; 1995.Google Scholar
  5. Dunne, T.; Leopold, L.B.Water in Environmental Planning. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman and Company; 1978.Google Scholar
  6. Earth Info, Inc.Environmental Databases on CD- ROMs. Boulder, CO: Earth Info, Inc.; 1997.Google Scholar
  7. Ferguson, B.K. Estimation of direct runoff in the Thornthwaite water balance.Prof. Geogr.48:263–271; 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Geiger, R.Das Klima der Bodennahen Luftschicht.Braunschweig: Vieweg; 1927.Google Scholar
  9. Geiger, R.; Aron, R.H.; Todhunter, P.The Climate Near the Ground. 5th ed. based on the Hud ed. 1961. Braunschweig: Vieweg; 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Knapp, H.V. Evapotranspiration and transpiration. Houghton, D.D. ed.Handbook of Applied Meteorology.New York: John Wiley and Sons; 1985:537–554.Google Scholar
  11. Landsberg, H.E.World Survey of Climatology.Multiple volumes. Amsterdam, New York: Elsevier Scientific Publications; 1969–1974.Google Scholar
  12. Lieth, H.; Box, E.O. Evapotranspiration and primary productivity.Publ. Climatol.25:37–46; 1972.Google Scholar
  13. Mather, J.R.The Climatic Water Balance in Environmental Analysis. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books; 1978.Google Scholar
  14. Meentemeyer, V. Macroclimate and lignin control of litter decomposition rates.Ecology59: 465–472; 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Meentemeyer, V. Geographical perspectives of space, time and sale.Landsc. Ecol.3:163–173; 1989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Oke, T.R.Boundary Layer Climates.2nd ed. London: Routledge; 1987.Google Scholar
  17. Penman, H.L. Natural evaporation from open water, bare soil, and grass.Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A193:120–145; 1948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sanderson, M. ed.UNESCO Sourcebook in Climatology for Hydrologists and Water Resource Engineers.Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization; 1990.Google Scholar
  19. Sharpe, D.M. Microclimatology. Oliver, J.E.; Fair-bridge, R.W. eds.The Encyclopedia of Climatology.New York: Van Nostrand and Reinhold Co.; 1987:572–581.Google Scholar
  20. Stem, I. Meteorology FAQ. Sources of weather data (7 parts). liana; 1997.Google Scholar
  21. Thomthwaite, C.W. An approach toward a rational classification of climate.Geogr. Rev.38: 55–94; 1948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Thomthwaite, C.W.; Mather, J.R. Instructions and tables for computing potential evapotranspiration and the water balance.Publ. Climatol.10:185–311; 1957.Google Scholar
  23. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.Planning and Design of Roads Air Bases, and Heliports in the Theater of Operations. Technical Manual TM5–330. Washington, DC.: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; 1968.Google Scholar
  24. Wallace, J.S. Calculating evaporation: Resistance to factors.Agr. Forest Meteorol.73:353–366; 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Willmott, C.J.; Mather, J.R.; Rowe, C.M. Average monthly and annual surface air temperature and precipitation data for the world.Publ. Climatol.34(1/2): 1–790; 1981.Google Scholar
  26. Yoshino, M.M.Climate in a Small Area.Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press; 1975.Google Scholar
  27. Yoshino, M.M. Local climatology. Oliver, J.E.; Fairbridge, R.W. eds.The Encyclopedia of Climatology.New York: Van Nostrand and Reinhold Co.; 1987:551–558.Google Scholar
  28. Caldwell, W.J. Consideration of the environment: An approach for rural planning and development.J. Soil WaterConserv.49:324–322; 1994.Google Scholar
  29. Copeland, J.H., Pielke, R.A.; Kittel, T.G.F. Potential climatic impacts of vegetation change: A regional modelling study.J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.101:7409–7418; 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Gosz, J.R.; Sharpe, P.J.H. Broad-scale concepts for interaction of climate, topography, and biota at biome transitions.Landsc. Ecol.3:229–244; 1989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Host, G.E.; Polzer, P.L.; Mladenott, D.J.; White, M.A.; Crow, T.R. A quantitative approach to developing regional ecosystem classifications.Ecol. Appl.6:608–618; 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Houghton, D.D., ed.Handbook of Applied Meteorolo- gy.New York: John Wiley and Sons; 1985.Google Scholar
  33. Hulme, M. Using climate information in Africa: Some examples related to drought, rainfall forecasting and global warming.IDS Bull.-Inst. Develop. Stud.25(2):59–68; 1994.Google Scholar
  34. Jensen, M.E.; Burman, R.O.; Allen, R.G., eds.Evapotranspiration and Irrigation Water Requirements. ASCE Manual No. 70. New York: ASCE; 1989.Google Scholar
  35. Kates, R.W.; Ausubel, J.H.; Berberian, M., eds.Climate Impact Assessment: Studies of the Interaction of Climate and Society. SCOPE; Vol. 27. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons; 1985.Google Scholar
  36. Leenhardt, D.; Voltz, M.; Rambal, S. A survey of several agroclimatic soil-water balance models with reference to their spatial application.Eur. J. Agron.4:1–14; 1995.Google Scholar
  37. Rounsevell, M.D.A.; Jones, R.J.A. A soil and agro-climatic model for estimating machinery workdays: The basic model and climatic sensitivity.Soil Till. Res.26:179–191; 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sheng, T.C.Watershed Management Field Manual: Watershed Survey and Planning.FAO Conservation Guide 1316. Rome: FAO; 1990.Google Scholar
  39. Van Hamme, T. Rainfall and topography.Hydrol. Cont.7:51–73; 1992.Google Scholar
  40. Whilhite, D.A., ed.Drought Assessment Management and Planning: Theory and Case Studies.Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers; 1993.Google Scholar
  41. White, D.H.; Howden, S.M.; Nix, H.A. Modelling agricultural and pastoral systems under environmental change.Ecol. Model.86:213–217; 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wu, R.S.; Haith, D.A. Land use, climate, and water supply.J. Water Resour. Plan. Man. ASCE119(6): 685–704; 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vernon Meentemeyer

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations