Two Small Clouds: The Emergence of a New Physics

  • Menas Kafatos
  • Robert Nadeau


During the summer of 1900, David Hilbert, widely recognized for his ability to see mathematics as a whole, delivered the keynote address at the Mathematics Congress in Paris. Speaking in a hall a few blocks away from the laboratory in which Madame and Pierre Curie were tending their vats of radioactive material, Hilbert set the agenda for the study of mathematics in the twentieth century. There were, he said, twenty-three unsolved problems in mathematics and all of them were amenable to solution in the near future. As Hilbert put it, “There is always a solution. There is no ignoramus.”1


Physical Reality Black Body Black Body Radiation Logical Framework Light Speed 
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    Felix Browder, Mathematical Developments Arising from Hilbert Problems, Proceedings of Symposia in Pure Mathematics, vol. 28 ( Providence, R.I.: American Mathematical Society, 1974 ).Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Menas Kafatos
    • 1
  • Robert Nadeau
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  2. 2.Department of EnglishGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA

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