Arteriovenous Malformations of the Upper Limb

  • S. Sulaiman Shoab
  • J. H. Scurr


The term arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) usually refers to congenital defects. About 10% of these malformations involve the upper extremities. AVMs are pathologically a diverse group of lesions. They are, in general, much more difficult to cure than the acquired arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). This has led to less than appropriate management in many instances. Clinically, AVMs of the limbs are taken to include simple and cavernous hemangiomas, microarteriovenous and macroarteriovenous fistulas, venous angiomas, and mixed congenital vascular malformations (Figure 99.1). They range in size from tiny glomus tumors to massive AVFs.2 New growths of the vascular elements, on the other hand, are acquired lesions. These are identifiable by their cellular or gross appearance. They are not AVMs, by definition. Experience with AVMs is limited to specialized centers, and many studies referred to are case reports.


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Arteriovenous Malformation Arteriovenous Fistula Glomus Tumor Venous Malformation 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

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  • S. Sulaiman Shoab
  • J. H. Scurr

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