Physiology and Pathophysiology of Venous Return From the Lower Leg

  • Carl C. Arnoldi


For practical clinical purposes and for understanding the physiology and pathophysiology of venous return from the lower limb, particularly the ankle and calf, it is convenient to distinguish between three major venous systems in the leg (Figure 82.1): (1) the veins deep to the fascia cruris, (2) the superficial veins in the subcutis (i.e., the saphenous veins and their tributaries), and (3) the communicating veins connecting the superficial veins to the deep venous system.


Varicose Vein Popliteal Vein Erect Position Superficial Vein Chronic Venous Insufficiency 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

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  • Carl C. Arnoldi

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