Visceral Aneurysms: Splenic, Hepatic, Mesenteric, and Renal

  • Ricardo Gesto Castromil
  • Jose Porto Rodriguez


Aneurysm of the visceral arteries is an uncommon disease entity of multiple etiologies that affects the large branches of the abdominal aorta: the splanchnic and renal arteries. Until the 1960s, practically all of the cases described were ruptured aneurysms or autopsy findings. The availability of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and, above all, the widespread use of angiography have led to a significant increase in the diagnosis of these lesions. The more than 3000 cases reported in the literature to date have given us further insight on the incidence, natural history, and treatment of these aneurysms. Aneurysms of the visceral arteries account for approximately 5% of all aneurysms treated in vascular surgery units.24 The incidence of splanchnic artery aneurysm is twice that of renal artery aneurysm. The marked differences in etiology, clinical features, natural history, and complications warrant a separate description of each type of lesion.


Renal Artery Artery Aneurysm Splenic Artery Mycotic Aneurysm Visceral Artery 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo Gesto Castromil
  • Jose Porto Rodriguez

There are no affiliations available

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