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Equations of Plasma Physics

  • Alan Weinstein
Conference paper
Part of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute Publications book series (MSRI, volume 2)

Abstract

A plasma is a gas of charged particles under conditions where collective electromagnetic interactions dominate over interactions between individual particles. Plasmas have been called the fourth state of matter [1]. As one adds heat to a solid, it undergoes a phase transition (melting) to become a liquid. More heat causes the liquid to boil into a gas. Adding still more energy causes the gas to ionize (i.e. some of the negative electrons become dissociated from their gas atoms, leaving positively charged ions). Above 100,000 °K, most matter ionizes into a plasma. While the earth is a relatively plasma-free bubble (aside from fluorescent lights, lightning discharges, and magnetic fusion energy experiments) 99.9% of the universe is in the plasma state (e.g. stars and most of interstellar space).

Keywords

Poisson Bracket Poisson Structure Lightning Discharge Momentum Mapping Coadjoint Orbit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Weinstein

There are no affiliations available

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