The History and Present Entanglements of Some General Ecological Perspectives

  • Frank N. Egerton


Since the 1970s the word “ecology” has been applied not only to a science which was named in 1866 and formally organized in the 1890s and early 1900s, but also to the environmental movement (which would be better called either “the environmental movement” or “environmentalism”). This terminological confusion cannot be easily resolved, however, because many of the environmental movements have taken a serious interest in the science of ecology and want to see it develop to meet the needs of civilization—as they define them.


Critical Thinking Scientific Revolution Environmental Movement Community Concept Federal Manager 
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Recommended Readings

  1. Egerton, F.N. (1973). Changing concepts of the balance of nature. Quart. Rev. Biol. 48:322–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Egerton, F.N. (1983, 1985a). The history of ecology: achievements and opportunities, part one, J. H. Biol. 16:259–311; part two, J. Hist. Biol. 18:103–143.Google Scholar
  3. McIntosh, R.P. (1985). The Background of Ecology: Concept and Theory. Cambridge University Press, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Worthington, E.B. (1983). The Ecological Century: A Personal Appraisal. Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank N. Egerton

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