Four-Dimensional Vector Spaces and Linear Mappings

  • Anadijiban Das
Part of the Universitext book series (UTX)


The three-dimensional vectors in Newtonian physics are generalized into four-dimensional vectors in the theory of relativity. This four-dimensional vector space is called the Minkowski vector space and is denoted by V4. This vector space is over the real field ℝ.


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  1. 1.
    P. R. Halmos, Finite dimensional vector spaces, Van Nostrand, Princeton, NJ, 1958. [pp. 1, 12, 19]zbMATHGoogle Scholar
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    W. Noll, Notes on Tensor Analysis prepared by C. C. Wang, The Johns Hopkins University, Mathematics Department, 1963.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. L. Synge, Relativity: The special theory, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1964. [pp. 6, 17]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anadijiban Das
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and StatisticsSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

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