In Vivo Measurements of Cadmium and Lead in Occupationally-Exposed Workers and an Urban Population

  • W. D. Morgan
  • S. J. S. Ryde
  • Sarah J. Jones
  • Ruth M. Wyatt
  • I. R. Hainsworth
  • Stephanie S. Cobbold
  • C. J. Evans
  • R. A. Braithwaite

Abstract

This paper reports the preliminary findings of a survey of lead and cadmium body burdens in a nonoccupationally exposed population in Swansea, Wales, using the techniques of in vivo neutron activation and X-ray fluorescence analysis. Some measurements on an occupationally cadmium-exposed group are also included. The results confirm the association between cadmium and smoking and bone lead and age. The in vivo measurements demonstrate a degree of comparability with other data, which supports the further detailed analysis of the relationships between body burden and exposure, on the one hand, and possible health effects on the other.

Index Entries

In vivo neutron activation analysis liver Cd kidney Cd Pb and Cd, body burden of in vivo X-ray fluorescence analysis tibia Pb blood Pb and Cd environmental and occupational exposure smoking 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. D. Morgan
    • 1
  • S. J. S. Ryde
    • 1
  • Sarah J. Jones
    • 1
  • Ruth M. Wyatt
    • 1
  • I. R. Hainsworth
    • 2
  • Stephanie S. Cobbold
    • 3
  • C. J. Evans
    • 4
  • R. A. Braithwaite
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Medical PhysicsSingleton HospitalSwansea, WalesUK
  2. 2.Department of Chemical PathologySingleton HospitalSwansea, WalesUK
  3. 3.Department of MedicineSingleton HospitalSwansea, WalesUK
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsUniversity College of SwanseaSwansea, WalesUK
  5. 5.Regional Laboratory for ToxicologyDudley Road HospitalBirminghamUK

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