Liver Cancer

Role of Alcohol and Other Factors
  • Siraj I. Mufti
Part of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Reviews book series (DAAR, volume 2)


An association between long-term chronic alcohol consumption and increased risk of cancers in humans has long been suspected. Numerous epidemiological studies have related national or regional per capita alcohol consumption to age-adjusted cancer mortality.1-5 Prospective cohort studies of groups of people who consume great quantities of alcoholic beverages, for example brewery workers who get drinks free of charge, have shown an increased cancer risk 6-9 These conclusions are supported by case-control studies where patients with malignant disease are examined for the relative risk of cancer. 10-16 Additional evidence for association is provided by studies among traditional abstainers, such as Seventh Day Adventists and Mormons.17,18 These studies indicate that the sites frequently associated with increased cancer risk are the mouth, pharynx, larynx esophagus, and liver. Other sites associated with alcohol abuse are the pancreas,19 breast,20 stomach,21-24 and colon.15,25-30


Hepatocellular Carcinoma Alcohol Consumption Liver Cancer Primary Liver Cancer Primary Hepatocellular Carcinoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

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  • Siraj I. Mufti

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