Complications and Long-Term Sequelae of Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery in Children and Adults

  • Ian S. Mackay
  • Vincent L. Cumberworth


In 1929, Mosher (1) wrote,

If the ethmoidal labyrinth was placed in any other part of the body it would be an insignificant and harmless collection of bony cells. Placed where Nature put it, it has a number of major relationships so that the diseases and surgery of the labyrinth often lead to tragedy. It has been said that the ethmoidal operation is the easiest in surgery. So it is to the operator who lacks a surgical conscience. Theoretically, the operation is easy. In practice, however, it has proved one of the easiest operations with which to kill a patient.


Sphenoid Sinus Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Middle Turbinate Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Nasolacrimal Duct 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian S. Mackay
  • Vincent L. Cumberworth

There are no affiliations available

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