Alkali Hydrolysis of Trinitrotoluene

  • Christian Karasch
  • Milan Popovic
  • Mohamed Qasim
  • Rakesh K. Bajpai
Part of the Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology book series (ABAB)


Data for alkali hydrolysis of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in aqueous solution at pH 12.0 under static (pH-controlled) as well as dynamic (pH-uncontrolled) conditions are reported. The experiments were conducted at two different molar ratios of TNT to hydroxylions at room temperature. The TNT disappeared rapidly from the solution as a first-order reaction. The complete disappearance of aromatic structure from the aqueous solution within 24 h was confirmed by the ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) spectra of the samples. Cuvet experiments in a UV-VIS spectrophotometer demonstrated the formation of Meisenheimer complex, which slowly disappeared via formation of aromatic compounds with fewer nitro groups. The known metabolites of TNT were found to accumulate only in very small quantities in the liquid phase.

Index Entries

2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene alkali hydrolysis ultraviolet-visible spectra metabolites 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Karasch
    • 1
  • Milan Popovic
    • 1
  • Mohamed Qasim
    • 2
  • Rakesh K. Bajpai
    • 3
  1. 1.Technische FachhochschuleBerlinGermany
  2. 2.US Army Engineer Research and Development CenterVicksburgUSA
  3. 3.Chemical Engineering DepartmentUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA

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