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Saccharification of Marine Microalgae Using Marine Bacteria for Ethanol Production

  • Mitsufumi Matsumoto
  • Hiroko Yokouchi
  • Nobukazu Suzuki
  • Hiroshi Ohata
  • Tadashi Matsunaga
Part of the Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology book series (ABAB)

Abstract

The saccharification of marine microalgae using amylase from marine bacteria in saline conditions was investigated. An amylase-producing bacterium, Pseudoalterimonas undina NKMB 0074 was isolated and identified. The green microalga NKG 120701 was determined to have the highest concentration of intracellular carbohydrate and was found from our algal culture stocks. P. undina NKMB 0074 was inoculated into suspensions containing NKG 120701 cells and increasingly reduced suspended sugars with incubation time. Terrestrial amylase and glucoamylase were inactive in saline suspension. Therefore, marine amylase is necessary in saline conditions for successful saccharification of marine microalgae.

Index Entries

Saccharification marine algae marine bacteria amylase ethanol biomass 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitsufumi Matsumoto
    • 1
    • 3
  • Hiroko Yokouchi
    • 1
  • Nobukazu Suzuki
    • 2
  • Hiroshi Ohata
    • 3
  • Tadashi Matsunaga
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyKoganei, TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Chemical and Insulation Technology GroupPower and Industrial Systems R&D Center, Toshiba Co. Ltd.Tsurumi-ku, YokohamaJapan
  3. 3.New Energy and Technology Development DepartmentElectric Power Development Co. Ltd.Chuo-ku, TokyoJapan

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