Cardiac Pacemakers

Chapter

Abstract

Currently, three approaches to permanent cardiac pacing are in common use. Single-chamber pacemaker is a device wherein one pacing lead is implanted in either the right atrium or right ventricle. Dual-chamber pacemaker has two pacing leads, one in the right ventricle and one in the right atrium, this is the most commonly used type of pacemaker. Biventricular pacemaker or cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a device wherein in addition to single- or dual-chamber right heart pacing leads, a third lead is advanced to the coronary sinus for left ventricular epicardial pacing.

Keywords

Pacemaker Conduction abnormality Heart block Pulse generator 

References

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    Brignole M, Auricchio A, Baron-Esquivias G, Bordachar P, Boriani G, Vardaas PE, et al. 2013 ESC guidelines on cardiac pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy: the task force on cardiac pacing and resynchronization therapy of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Developed in collaboration with the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA). Europace. 2013;15(8):1070–118.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Jeffrey L. Williams and Robert T. Stevenson (2012). Complications of Pacemaker Implantation, Current Issues and Recent Advances in Pacemaker Therapy, Dr. Attila Roka (Ed.), InTech, DOI: 10.5772/48682. http://www.intechopen.com/books/current-issues-and-recent-advances-in-pacemaker-therapy/complications_of_pacemaker_implantation

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New YorkUSA

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