Centrifugal and Axial Compressors

  • Ahmed F. El-Sayed


This chapter and Chap.  10 treat the rotating modules of both aero engines and gas turbines. These modules are compressible turboachinery (or turbomachines). Let us first introduce a definition for turbomachines. The word (turbo) or (turbines) is of Latin origin, meaning “that which spins or whirls around.” Though compressible turbomachines may be fans, compressors, blowers, aircraft propellers, gas, and steam turbines, only compressors, fans, and turbines found in aero engines (or gas turbines) will be discussed in this book. Though the working fluid for a compressible turbomachine may be air, gases, vapor, or steam, only air and gases will be considered here as they are the operating media in both aero engines and gas turbines.


  1. 1.
    Brown RN (1981) Compressors-selection and sizing, Gulf Publication Co., Chapter 1Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Harman RTC (1981) Gas turbine engineering, applications, cycles and characteristics. Wiley, New York, p 7Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Whitfield A, Baines NC (1990) Design of turbomachines. Longman Scientific & Technical, New York, p 3Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    El-Sayed AF (2008) Aircraft propulsion and gas turbine engines. Taylor & Francis/CRC Press, Boca Raton, FLGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Staintz JD (1952) Some theoretical aerodynamic investigations of impellers in radial and mixed flow centrifugal compressors. Trans ASME 74:473Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hill P, Peterson C (1992) Mechanics and thermodynamics of propulsion, 2nd edn. Addison Wesley Publication Company, Inc, Boston, p 431Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Boyce MP (2006) Gas turbine engineering handbook, 3rd edn. Gulf Professional Publishing, Oxford, p 225Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shigley JE, Mischke CR (1989) Mechanical engineering design, 5th edn. McGraw Hill Book Co, New York, p 65Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    The aircraft gas turbine and its operations, P&W Oper. Inst. 200, Part No. P&W 182408, 1988, pp 3–81Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cousins WT (1997) The dynamic stall and surge behavior of axial-centrifugal compressors, Ph.D. dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hanlon PC (ed) (2001) Compressor handbook, McGraw-Hill, New York CityGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Steffens K (2014) Advanced compressor technology – key success factor for competitiveness in modern aero engines, MTU aero engines internal reportGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Harman RTC (1981) Gas turbine engineering, applications, cycles and characteristics. Wiley, New York, p 78Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hunecke K, (2003) Jet engines, fundamentals of theory, design and operation, motor books International Publishers & Wholesalers, 1st edn, 6th impression, Minneapolis, MNGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cumpsty NA (1989) Compressor aerodynamics. Longman Scientific & Technical, New York, p 48Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Saravanamuttoo HIH, Rogers GFC, Cohen H, Straznicky PV (2009) Gas turbine theory, 6th edn. Prentice Hall, Harlow, p 198Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Brown RN (1981) Compressors-selection and sizing, Gulf Publication Co., Houston, p 219Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Glassman A (ed) (1975) Turbine design, NASA SP-290, vol I, p 32Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dixon SL, Hall CA (2010) Fluid mechanics and thermodynamics of turbomachinery, 6th edn. Butterworth/Heinemann, New York, p 155Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lakshminarayana B (1996) Fluid dynamics and heat transfer of turbomachinery. Wiley, New York, p 261Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Marsh H (1968) A computer program for the through flow fluid mechanics in an arbitrary turbomachine using a matrix method, British ARC R&M 3509Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wisler DC (1988) Advanced compressor and fan systems. GE aircraft engines, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, General Electric Co. USA, All Rights ReservedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Johnson IA, Bullock RO (eds) (1965) Aerodynamic design of axial flow compressors, NASA SP-36Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Chmielniak T, Lepszy S, Rulik S (2011) Algorithm for design calculation of axial flow gas turbine compressor – comparison with GTD-350 compressor design. Mech Mech Eng 15(3):207–216, Technical University of LodzGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Howell AR (1945) Fluid dynamics of axial compressors. In: Proceedings of institution of mechanical engineers, vol 153. Westminster, LondonGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hobbs DE, Weingold HD (1983) Development of controlled diffusion airfoils for multistage compressor applications’, American Society of Mechanical Engineering, International gas turbine conference and EXHIBIT, 28th, Phoenix,, AZ, 27–31, 11 ppGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kerreebrock JL (1992), Aircraft engines and gas turbines, 2nd edn, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., p 264Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Day J (1992), Stall and surge in axial flow compressors, VKI Lecture Series 1992–02Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    United Technologies’ Pratt Whitney (1988) The aircraft gas turbine engine and its operation, P&W Operation Instruction 200, pp 3–81Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wirkowski P (2010) Modelling the characteristics of axial compressor with variable stator vanes. J KONES Powertrain Transport 17(2):497–504Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed F. El-Sayed
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt

Personalised recommendations