Closed Probes

  • William Abramovits


In this probes, the cryogens, usually liquid nitrogen (LN), circulate within and then escape through a back vent. Their tips are placed in contact with the condition to be treated; such tips come in a vast array of shapes to be matched to the type and profile of lesions to be pressed upon or just contacted.


Closed Probe Tip Contact 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DermatologyBaylor University Medical CenterDallasUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Family Practice and DermatologyThe University of Texas Southwestern Medical SchoolDallasUSA
  3. 3.Department of Internal MedicineTexas College of Osteopathic Medicine, University of North Texas Health Science CenterFort WorthUSA
  4. 4.Department of DermatologyUniversity of Texas Medical BranchDallasUSA
  5. 5.Texas Tech University, Health Sciences CenterLubbockUSA
  6. 6.Texas A&M Health Science Center College of MedicineDallasUSA
  7. 7.Dermatology Treatment & Research CenterDallasUSA

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