Talipes Equinovarus



Talipes equinovarus or Clubfoot is a congenital deformity consisting of hindfoot equinus, hindfoot varus, and forefoot varus. The term talipes is derived from a contraction of the Latin words for ankle, talus, and foot, pes. The term refers to the gait of severely affected patients, who seem to be walking on their ankles.


Plantar Fascia Deltoid Ligament Congenital Deformity Tibial Torsion Calcaneocuboid Joint 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Ponseti IV, Smoley EN. The classic: congenital club foot: the results of treatment. 1963. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009;467(5):1133–45.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Harrold AJ, Walker CJ. Treatment and prognosis in congenital club foot. J Bone Joint Surg (Br). 1983;65(1):8–11.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Catterall A. A method of assessment of the clubfoot deformity. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1991;264:48–53.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dimeglio A, Bensahel H, Souchet P, Mazeau P, Bonnet F. Classification of clubfoot. J Pediatr Orthop B. 1995;4(2):129–36.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bensahel H, Csukonyi Z, Desgrippes Y, Chaumien JP. Surgery in residual clubfoot: one-stage medioposterior release “a la carte”. J Pediatr Orthop. 1987;7(2):145–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bensahel H, Jehanno P, Delaby JP, Themar-Noel C. Conservative treatment of clubfoot: the Functional Method and its long-term follow-up. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2006;​40(2):181–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jowett CR, Morcuende JA, Ramachandran M. Management of congenital talipes equinovarus using the Ponseti method: a systematic review. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2011;93(9):1160–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Matos MA, de Oliveira LA. Comparison between Ponseti’s and Kite’s clubfoot treatment methods: a meta-analysis. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2010;49(4):395–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gray K, Pacey V, Gibbons P, Little D, Frost C, Burns J. Interventions for congenital talipes equinovarus (clubfoot). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(4):CD008602.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Marleix S, Chapuis M, Fraisse B, Treguier C, Darnault P, Rozel C, Rayar M, Violas P. Idiopathic club foot treated with the Ponseti method. Clinical and sonographic evaluation of Achilles tendon tenotomy. A review of 221 club feet. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2012;98(4 Suppl):S73–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, School of MedicineUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

Personalised recommendations