Legal Aspects: Biometric Data, Evidence Rules and Trusted Identities

  • Els J. KindtEmail author
Part of the Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition book series (ACVPR)


Biometric characteristics could play an increasing role as means for binding electronic documents and transactions to a person and for identifying that person. However, one of the conditions for biometric methods to be used as an electronic signature is that spoofing vulnerabilities are adequately assessed and appropriate solutions are developed. Anti-spoofing measures are also crucial in electronic identity schemes which may include biometric characteristics. For these schemes, privacy and data protection issues remain to be solved as well.


Electronic Signature Civil Code Electronic Identification Biometric Data Biometric System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This chapter was made possible thanks to the funding and work performed for the BEAT project (EU FP7, grant agreement number \(284989\)), the Fidelity project (EU FP7, grant agreement number \(284862\)) and the B-CCENTRE project (Prevention of and Fight against Crime Programme of the EU, European Commission, DG Home Affairs). The author further thanks prof. dr. P. Van Eecke for the review and his comments to this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.KU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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