Advertisement

Realization of Open Cloud Computing Standards, Forums and Platforms

  • G M SiddeshEmail author
  • K G Srinivasa
Chapter
Part of the Computer Communications and Networks book series (CCN)

Abstract

With the increased popularity of cloud computing, there is an increase in demand for resources among the heterogeneous workload types in the cloud environment. However, major concerns in this domain refer to the issues like scalability, security, trust, interoperability, loss of control and the problem of vendor lock-in. The hype of this emerging technology has resulted in a huge number of standards and frameworks in this domain. In this context, open standards present the solution to manage the cloud environment by integrating openness in the standards so that everyone benefits by reducing the time to switch among the service providers. In this regard, there is a great need for an open cloud in the present information technology (IT) domain that needs to manage thousands of resources with applications, which are distributed in nature to handle the issues in the cloud. Open cloud guarantees the users to select the best technologies now and in the future. There is a great need among users and developers for standardizing the cloud frameworks, which lead to the evolution of different open cloud forums. These forums have the responsibility to define and design standards for various services in the cloud so that openness and interoperability can be achieved. Open cloud forums do not aim towards achieving a single homogeneous cloud environment, but as the cloud matures several key principles of cloud must be followed to ensure openness. Open cloud forums are community driven and ensure universal acceptance of open standard formats and interfaces. This chapter presents the understanding of open clouds and their underlying principle, provides an introduction to open cloud standards and their benefits, and discusses the understanding of open cloud forums, their goals and contributions. The chapter also presents a discussion of some well-known open-source cloud platforms, in particular OpenStack, Nimbus, Open Nebula and Eucalyptus.

Keywords

Cloud computing Eucalyptus Nimbus Open cloud Open cloud forum Open cloud standard Open Nebula OpenStack 

References

  1. 1.
    Massachusetts Open Cloud (MOC) (2012) About the Massachusetts open cloud (MOC). http://www.bu.edu/cci/files/2012/11/MOC.pdf. Accessed Jan 2013
  2. 2.
    Haff G (2012) Red hat cloudforms: open clouds under your control. http://in.redhat.com/resourcelibrary/whitepapers/red-hat-cloudforms-open-clouds-under-your-control. Accessed Jan 2013
  3. 3.
    Edmonds A, Metsch T, Papaspyrou A, Richardson A (2012) Towards an open cloud standard. Internet Comput IEEE 16(4):15–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Díaz-Sánchez D, Almenarez F, Marín A, Proserpio D, Cabarcos PA (2011) Media cloud: an open cloud computing middleware for content management. IEEE T Consum Electr 57(2):970–978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Henlin EH (2012) Open standards are dissolving cloud Silos. Report Technology Business Research (TBR) Inc, May 2012Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Future clouds (2011) www.futurecloudcomputing.net. Accessed Aug 2011
  7. 7.
    Haff G (2012) Why the future of the cloud is open. http://www.redhat.com/f/pdf/cloud/Cloud_FutureCloud_WP_8847147_0212_dm_web.pdf. Accessed Jan 2013
  8. 8.
    Sher-DeCusatis CJ, Carranza A, DeCusatis CM (2012, Sept) Communication within clouds: open standards and proprietary protocols for data center networking. IEEE Commun Magazine 50(9):26–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zeller M, Grossman R (2009) Open standards and cloud computing KDD-2009 Panel Report. ACM, Jul 2009Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cloud standards (2013) Welcome to the cloud standards. http://cloud-standards.org. Accessed Mar 2013
  11. 11.
    Behrens M et al (2011) Open cloud computing interface-infrastructure. OGF Document Series, 2011Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Open Cloud Computing Interface (2013) An open community leading cloud standards. http://occi-wg.org/. Accessed Mar 2013
  13. 13.
    Cloud Standards Customers Council (2013) Cloud standards. http://www.cloud-council.org/. Accessed Apr 2013
  14. 14.
    Open Cloud Initiative (2013) Open clouds. http://www.opencloudinitiative.org/. Accessed Mar 2013
  15. 15.
    Distributed Management Task Force (2013) Open standards. http://dmtf.org/standards/cloud. Accessed Apr 2013
  16. 16.
    OCC (2013) Open cloud consortium. http://opencloudconsortium.org/. Accessed Mar 2013
  17. 17.
    Open Data Center Alliance (2013) ODCA. http://www.opendatacenteralliance.org/. Accessed Apr 2013
  18. 18.
    Object Management Group (2013) OMG specifications. http://www.omg.org/. Accessed Apr 2013
  19. 19.
    Open Grid Forum (2013) Open standards. http://www.ogf.org/gf/docs/. Accessed Apr 2013
  20. 20.
    Takako P, Estcio G, Kelner J, Sadok D (2010) A survey on open-source cloud computing solutions. In: WCGA—8th workshop on clouds, grids and applications, Gramado, 3–16, May 2010Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Open Stack (2013) Operations guide. http://docs.openstack.org. Accessed May 2013
  22. 22.
    Pepple K (2011) Deploying openstack. OReilly Media, SebastopolGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sefraoui O, Aissaoui M, Eleuldj M (2012, Oct) OpenStack: toward an open-source solution for cloud computing. Int J Comput Appl 55(3):38–42Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hoffa C, Mehta G, Freeman T, Deelman E, Keahey K, Berriman B, Good J (2008) On the use of cloud computing for scientific workflows. In: IEEE fourth international conference, SWBES 2008, Indianapolis, Dec 2008Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Keahey K, Figueiredo R, Fortes J, Freeman T, Tsugawa M (2008) Science clouds: early experiences in cloud computing for scientific applications, Aug 2008Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nimbus (2013) Nimbus infrastructure 2.10.1 documentation. http://www.nimbusproject.org/docs/. Accessed May 2013
  27. 27.
    Evoy GVM, Schulze B, Garcia EL (2009) Performance and deployment evaluation of a parallel application in an on-premises cloud environment. Proceedings of the 7th international workshop on middleware for grids, clouds and e-science, 2009Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Open Nebula (2013) Open Nebula 3.8 guides. http://opennebula.org/. Accessed May 2013
  29. 29.
    Yang C-T, Huang K-L, Liu J-C, Chen W-S, Hsu W-H (2012) On construction of cloud IaaS using KVM and Open Nebula for Video Services. In: 41st International conference on parallel processing workshops (ICPPW) IEEE, Pittsburgh, pp 212–221, Sep 2012Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    von Laszewski G, Diaz J, Wang F, Fox GC (2012) Towards cloud deployments using FutureGrid. In: FutureGrid draft paper, Indiana University, Bloomington, Apr 2012Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Montero RS, Moreno-Vozmediano R, Llorente IM (2010) An elasticity model for high throughput computing clusters. J Parallel Distrib Comput 71:750–757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Eucalyptus (2013) Administration guide. http://www.eucalyptus.com/docs/3.1.0/ag.pdf. Accessed May 2013
  33. 33.
    Eucalyptus (2013) http://www.eucalyptus.com/learn/what-is-eucalyptus. Accessed May 2013
  34. 34.
    Nurmi D, Wolski R, Grzegorczyk C, Obertelli G, Soman S, Youseff L, Zagorodnov D (2009) The eucalyptus open-source cloud-computing system. In: IEEE/ACM international symposium on cluster computing and the grid (CCGRID ’09), IEEE, Shanghai, pp 124–131, May 2009Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Tan T, Kiddle C (2009) An assessment of eucalyptus version 1.4 (Technical report 2009-928-07). Grid Research Centre, University of Calgary, Canada, 2009Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Lei Z, Zhang B, Zhang W, Li Q, Zhang X, Peng J (2009) Comparison of several cloud computing platforms. In: Second international symposium on information science and engineering, IEEE, Shanghai, pp 23–27, Dec 2009Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Mahjoub M, Mdhaffar A, Halima RB, Jmaiel M (2011) Comparative study of the current cloud computing technologies and offers. In: First international symposium on network cloud computing and applications (NCCA), IEEE, Toulouse, pp 131–134, Nov 2011Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Sotomayor B, Montero RS, Llorente IM, Foster I (2009) Virtual infrastructure management in private and hybrid clouds. IEEE Internet Comput (Special issue on cloud computing) 13(5):14–22Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Llorente M, Moreno-Vozmediano R, Montero RS (2009) Cloud computing for on-demand grid resource provisioning. Adv Parallel Comput 18:177–191Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Pillai AS, Swasthimathi LS (2012) A study on open source cloud computing platforms. EXCEL Int J Multidiscip Manage Stud 2(7):31–40Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information Science & EngineeringM S Ramaiah Institute of TechnologyBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science & EngineeringM S Ramaiah Institute of TechnologyBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations