Robotic Left Ventricular Lead Placement

  • Joanna M. DeNobile
  • Jonathan D. Leff
  • Joseph J. DeRoseJr.


In this chapter we detail a robotic method for implantation of epicardial pacing leads for resynchronization therapy. As 10–15 % of pacing leads cannot be placed along the lateral ventricular wall via the coronary sinus, this method is ideal because of the efficacy and minimal invasiveness. Herein, we describe the indications, patient selection, and robotic technique for this approach to resynchronization therapy.


Robot Pacemaker Resynchronization Defibrillator Leads 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joanna M. DeNobile
    • 1
  • Jonathan D. Leff
    • 1
  • Joseph J. DeRoseJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cardiothoracic SurgeryMontefiore Medical CenterBronxUSA

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