Advanced Transport Systems: Operations and Technologies

  • Milan JanićEmail author


This chapter describes BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) System as an advanced mature public transport system operating in many urban and suburban areas around the world, high-speed tilting passenger trains operating along medium- to long-distancepassenger corridors/markets in many countries worldwide, and an advanced subsonic commercial aircraft—Boeing B787-8, which has recently started commercial operation.


Operating Speed Transit System Ride Comfort Intelligent Transport System Mixed Traffic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. AC. (2005). Can the 787 & A350 transform the economics of long-haul services?. Aircraft Commerce, No. 39 (February/March), pp. 23–30.Google Scholar
  2. AEIF. (2002). Trans-european high-speed rail system, technical specification for interoperability (TSI), infrastructure. European association for Railway interoperability, international union of Railways. Paris, France.Google Scholar
  3. Airbus. (2012). A350XWB sharping efficiency. Blagnac Cedex: Airbus Company.Google Scholar
  4. AUMA. (2007). Towards a light rail transit program: Analysis and recommendations. Alberta, California: Alberta Urban Municipalities Association.Google Scholar
  5. AW. (2012). ANA, JAL boeing 787 fuel burn performance beating expectations. Aviation week & space technology, AW&, (June), pp. 20–22.Google Scholar
  6. Boeing. (2012a). 787 Airplane characteristics for airport planning. Seattle, Washington: Boeing Commercial Airplanes.Google Scholar
  7. Boeing. (2012). Boeing 787 dreamliner being designed for environmental performance. Seattle, Washington: Boeing Commercial Airplanes.Google Scholar
  8. CE. (2008). Vehicle technology review: City of Edmonton, LRT Projects. Retrieved from
  9. Cebrián, P. (2008). CNG vehicles for urban transport: An available solution for cleaner air in cities. BESTUFS (Best Urban Freight Solution) II-8th Workshop, IVECO trucks and commercial vehicles, March, Madrid, Spain. Google Scholar
  10. CEN. (2002). Track alignment design parameters—track gauges 1435 and wider—part 1: Plain line. Railway Applications. EN13803-1, Comité Européen de Normalisation, Brussels, Belgium.Google Scholar
  11. CEN. (2006). Track alignment design parameters—track gauges 1435 and wider—part 1: Plain line. Railway Applications. Enquire Version EN13803-1, Comité Européen de Normalisation, Brussels, Belgium.Google Scholar
  12. Cohen-Nir, D. (2010). Airbus Program Update, Presentation. Airbus America Inc., Airbus SAS. Herndon, Virginia, USA.Google Scholar
  13. De Rus, C. J. G. (Ed.). (2009). Economic analysis of high speed rail in Europe. Bilbao: BBVA Foundation.Google Scholar
  14. EASA. (2011). Type certificate data-sheet for noise no. EASA. A004 for Airbus A330, EASA IM.A. 115 for boeing 787-8, B767. Koln, Germany: European Aviation Safety Agency.Google Scholar
  15. EASA. (2012). Type certificate data sheet data sheet for noise no. EASA.IM.A.115 for boeing 787-8. Koln, Germany: European Aviation Safety Agency.Google Scholar
  16. EC. (2002). Technical specification for interoperability relating to the rolling stock subsystem of the trans european high-speed rail system, 30/05/2002. Official Journal of the European Commissions, No. 12 (September).Google Scholar
  17. EC. (2009). EU energy and transport in figures. Statistical pocket book, directorate general for energy and transport, Brussels, Belgium.Google Scholar
  18. EC. (2010). Signal. The newsletter of the european rail traffic management system ERTMS, No. 21. European Commission, Brussels, Belgium.Google Scholar
  19. EEA. (2007). The emission factors: Technical annex. Copenhagen, Denmark: European Environmental Agency.Google Scholar
  20. EPA. (2011). Control of air pollution from aircraft and aircraft engines; proposed emission standards and test procedures, Part II, 40 CER Part 80 and 1068. Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Register (Vol. 16, No. 144), Washington D.C., USA.Google Scholar
  21. ERRAC. (2004). Light rail and metro systems in Europe: Current market perspectives and research implications. Brussels, Belgium: The European Rail Research Advisory Council.Google Scholar
  22. FAA. (2011). Interim procedures for boeing 747-800 and boeing 787 flights. Notice N JO 7110.542, Federal Aviation Administration, US Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C., USA.Google Scholar
  23. GAO. (2001). Mass transit: Bus rapid transit shows promise. GAO-01-984, Report to Congressional Requesters, United States Government Accountancy Office, Washington, D.C., USA.Google Scholar
  24. GAO. (2011). Aviation safety: Status of FAA’s actions to oversee the safety of composite airplanes. Report to Congressional Requesters, Government Accountability Office, GAO-11-849, Washington, D.C., USA.Google Scholar
  25. GAO. (2012). Bus rapid transit: Projects improve transit service and can contribute to economic development. GAO-12-811, Report to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Government Accountancy Office, Washington, D.C., USA.Google Scholar
  26. Henri, L., Guy, M., & Jürg Z. (1991). Les Structure des Véhicules. Revue Générale des Chemins de Fer. No. 7–8 (July/August).Google Scholar
  27. Horonjeff, R., & McKelvey, F. R. (1994). Planning and design of airports (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.Google Scholar
  28. Hunecke, K. (1997). Jet engines: Fundamentals of theory, design and operation. UK: Airlife Publications Ltd.Google Scholar
  29. Janic, M. (2007). The sustainability of air transportation: Quantitative analysis and assessment. UK: Ashgate Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  30. Janic, M. (2011). Light rail rapid transit (LRRT) system for more sustainable ground accessibility of airports. Transportation Planning and Technology, 34(6), 569–592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jenkinson, L. R., Simpkin, P., & Rhodes, D. (1999). Civil jet aircraft design. London: Arnold Publisher.Google Scholar
  32. Kemp, R. (2007). T618: Tracton energy metrics, No. 2, Rail Safety and Standards Board. London, UK.Google Scholar
  33. Levinson, S. H., Zimmerman, S., Butherford, G. S., & Glinger, J. (2002). Bus rapid transit: An overview. Journal of Public Transportation, 5(2), 1–30.Google Scholar
  34. Levinson, S. H., Zimmerman, S., Clinger, J., Gast, J., Rutherford, S., Smith, L. R., Cracknell, J., Soberman, R. (2003a). Bus rapid transit, Volume 1: Case studies in bus rapid transit, Report, TCRP (Transit Cooperative Research Program), TRB (Transportation Research Board), Washington, D.C., USA.Google Scholar
  35. Levinson, S. H., Zimmerman, S., Clinger, J., Gast, J., Rutherford, S., Bruhn, E. (2003b). Bus rapid transit, Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines, Report, TCRP (Transit Cooperative Research Program), TRB (Transportation Research Board), Washington, D.C., USA.Google Scholar
  36. Mishra, K. R., Parida, M., & Rangnecar, S. (2010). Evaluation and analysis of traffic noise along bus rapid transit corridor. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 7(4), 737–750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Nelson, T. (2005). 787 Systems and Performance, Flight operations engineering. Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Seattle, USA.Google Scholar
  38. Persson, R. (2007). Tilting trains: Description and analysis of the present situation, Literature study ISBN 978-91-7178-608-1. Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology.Google Scholar
  39. Poisson, F., Gautier, P.E., Letourneaux, F. (2008). Noise sources for high speed trains: A review of results in the TGV case. In B. Schulte-Werning et al. (Eds.), Noise and vibration mitigation. NNFM 99,, Springer, Heidelberg,Germany, pp. 71–77.Google Scholar
  40. Puchalsky, C. M. (2005). Comparison of emissions from light rail transit and bus rapid transit. Transportation Research Record 1927: Public Transportation, pp. 31–37.Google Scholar
  41. RITA. (2012). Safety and security time series data (2002–2011). Research and Innovative Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, National Transit Database Washington, D.C., USA.Google Scholar
  42. Ross, C. J., Staiano, A. M. (2007). A comparison of green and conventional diesel bus noise levels. Paper presented at Noise-CON Conference, Reno, Nevada, USA, p. 8.Google Scholar
  43. RR. (2011). TRENT100 Factsheet: Optimized for B787 Dreamliner Family. Rolls Royce, COM13797, Issue 9, November 2011, London, England.Google Scholar
  44. RTR. (2005). High speed and network extension. Rail technical review, No. 2. pp. 11–18.Google Scholar
  45. Saavedra, S. N. (2011). The evolution of transportation planning in bogota, Report. Traffic and Transport Research Program, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, Columbia.Google Scholar
  46. Smith, J. T. M. (2004). Aircraft noise. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  47. STSI. (2008). Light rail vehicles. Siemens Transportation Systems Inc., Rolling Stock Division, Sacramento, California, USA.Google Scholar
  48. Tegner, G. (2003). Comparison of costs between Bus, PRT, LRT, and Metro/Rail. In EC project European Demonstration of Innovative City Transport (EDICT). European Commission 5th Framework Program, DG VII, Brussels, Belgium.Google Scholar
  49. TRB. (2008). Airport ground access system mode choice models: A synthesis of airport practice. ACRP Synthesis 5. Washington, D.C., USA: TRB.Google Scholar
  50. Vincent, W., Jerram, C. L. (2006). The potential for bus rapid transit to reduce related CO2 emissions. Journal of Public Transportation, Special Edition, pp. 219–237.Google Scholar
  51. VTT. (2004). Transit bus emissions study: Comparison of emissions from diesel and natural gas buses. Research Report, Technical Research Center of Finland, Tampere, Finland.Google Scholar
  52. Vuchic, R. V. (2007). Urban public transportation systems and technology. New York: Willey.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Wright, L. (2003). Bus rapid transit-mode 3b, Deutsche Gesellshaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH. Germany: Eschbom.Google Scholar
  54. Wright, L., & Hook, W. (2007). Bus rapid transit planning guide (3rd ed.). New York: Institute for Transportation & Development Policy.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Transport and Planning DepartmentFaculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations