Part of the Lecture Notes in Energy book series (LNEN, volume 19)


Nuclear fusion would have abundant, cheap fuel (deuterium and lithium), excellent safety, and environmental compatibility. A fusion reactor would need to heat the deuterium–tritium fuel to 10 keV (100 Million Kelvin) and confine it long enough for about 1 % of the fuel to “burn”. This can be done by using intense magnetic fields to confine the plasma electrons and ions and to provide thermal insulation between the hot plasma and the walls. Experimental “tokamaks” and “stellarators” are confining plasmas well on a small scale (plasma radius about 1 m), and a larger ITER experiment is under construction. A Demonstration Power Plant (DEMO) to generate electricity would be the next step after ITER. The final challenge will be to produce electricity that is economically competitive with other sources.


Fusion Reactor Toroidal Field International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor Neutral Beam Injection Fusion Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Atzeni S, Meyer-Ter-Vehn J (2004) The physics of inertial fusion. Oxford Science PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  2. Bolt H (~2007) Materials for fusion, Sect. 2.9 of European White Book Fig. 2.17.
  3. Braams CM, Stott PE (2002) Nuclear fusion: half a century of magnetic confinement. IOP Bristol, PhiladelphiaCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chapman BE et al (2010) Generation and confinement of hot ions and electrons in a reversed-field pinch plasma. Plasma Phys Controlled Fusion 52:124048 (14 pages)Google Scholar
  5. Chen FF (1984) Introduction to plasma physics and controlled fusion, Volume 1: Plasma physics, 2nd edn. Plenum Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen FF (2011) An indispensable truth, how fusion power can save the planet. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dolan TJ (1982) Fusion research. Pergamon Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Dolan TJ (1993) Fusion power economy of scale. Fusion Technol 24:97–111MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  9. Dolan TJ (2012) Nuclear fusion, encyclopedia of sustainability science and technology. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. EIA (2011) International Energy Outlook 2011, Report Number: DOE/EIA-0484, Energy Information Administration, US Department of EnergyGoogle Scholar
  11. IAEA (1995) Energy from inertial fusion. International Atomic Energy Agency, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  12. Freidberg J (2007) Plasma physics and fusion energy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Google Scholar
  13. Jarboe TR, Victor BS, Nelson BA, Hansen CJ, Akcay C, Ennis DA, Hicks NK, Hossack AC, Marklin GJ, Smith RJ (2012a) Imposed dynamo current drive. Nucl Fusion 52:083017 (9 pp)Google Scholar
  14. Jarboe TR, Sutherland DA, Akcay C, Golingo R, Hansen CJ, Hossack AC, Marklin GJ, Morgan K, Nelson BA, Raman R, Victor BS, You S (2012b) Facilities needed for the development of economical fusion power,
  15. Kikuchi M, Lackner K, Tran MQ (2012) Fusion physics. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, AustriaGoogle Scholar
  16. LaBerge M (2012) General fusion’s acoustic magnetized target fusion. In: 20th American Nuclear Society Topical meeting on the technology of fusion energy, Nashville, TN, USA, Aug 27–31Google Scholar
  17. Li XZ, Wei QM, Liu BA (2008) New simple formula for fusion cross sections of light nuclei. Nucl Fusion 48:125003 (5 pages)Google Scholar
  18. Lodge O (1924) Putting the atom to work. Sci Am (May), pp 306–307, 358–359Google Scholar
  19. Morisaki T et al (2007) Superdense core mode in the large helical device with an internal diffusion barrier. Phys Plasmas 14:056113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Moses EI et al (2009) A sustainable nuclear fuel cycle based on laser inertial fusion energy. Fusion Sci Technol 56:547Google Scholar
  21. Najmabadi F et al (2006) The ARIES-AT advanced tokamak, advanced technology fusion power plant. Fusion Eng Des 80:3–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. NAS (2012) Interim report-status of the study “An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy”, Committee on the Prospects for Inertial Confinement Fusion Energy Systems; National Research Council of the National Academies, National Academy PressGoogle Scholar
  23. Ongena J, Van Oost G (2012) Energy for future centuries. Fusion Sci Technol 61:3–16Google Scholar
  24. Rogner HH (2012) World Energy Demand and Supply, IAEA, Vienna, Austria. Accessed at
  25. Sheffield J, Waganer LM (2001) A study of options for the deployment of large fusion power plants. Fusion Sci Technol 40:1–36Google Scholar
  26. Simonen T, Cohen T, Correll D, Fowler K, Post D, Berk H, Horton W, Hooper EB, Fisch N, Hassam A, Baldwin D, Pearlstein D, Logan G, Turner B, Moir R, Molvik A, Ryutov D, Ivanov AA, Kesner J, Cohen B, McLean H, Tamano T, Tang XZ, Imai T (2008) The axisymmetric tandem mirror: a magnetic mirror concept game changer—Magnet Mirror Status Study Group, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Report LLNL-TR-408176, Oct 24Google Scholar
  27. Taylor JB (1984) Relaxation of toroidal plasma and generation of reverse magnetic fields. Phys Rev Lett 33:1139–l141Google Scholar
  28. Theobald W et al (2008) Initial experiments on the shock ignition inertial confinement fusion concept. Phys Plasmas 15:056306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wood RD, Hill DN, McLean HS, Hooper EB, Hudson BF, Moller JM, Romero-Talamas CA (2009) Improved magnetic field generation efficiency and higher temperature spheromak plasmas. Nucl Fusion 49:025001 (4 pp)Google Scholar
  30. Woodruff S, Brown M, Hooper EB, Milroy R, Schaffer M (2010) Why compact tori for fusion. J Fusion Energy 29:447–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yokohama M et al (2008) Extension of the high temperature regime in the large helical device. Phys Plasmas 15:056111CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NPRE DepartmentUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  2. 2.University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA

Personalised recommendations