Fundamentals of Femtosecond Laser Processing

  • Koji SugiokaEmail author
  • Ya Cheng
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


Femtosecond lasers have excellent characteristics for materials processing due to their ultrashort pulse widths and extremely high peak powers. When a femtosecond laser beam with a moderate pulse energy is focused into glass, multiphoton absorption or tunneling ionization is confined to a region near the focal point inside the glass. Femtosecond lasers can thus perform internal modification of glass. Internal modification is widely used to fabricate microfluidic structures and micro-optical components, which can be used to produce biomicrochips for biochemical analysis. This chapter reviews the fundamentals and characteristics of femtosecond laser processing. It also introduces state-of-the-art femtosecond laser processing.


Femtosecond Laser Femtosecond Laser Pulse Transparent Material Femtosecond Laser Irradiation Multiphoton Absorption 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laser Technology LaboratoryRIKENSaitamaJapan
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser PhysicsShanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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