The Overhead Athlete

  • W. Ben Kibler
  • John E. Kuhn
  • Aaron D. Sciascia
  • Tim L. Uhl


The overhead athlete with a painful shoulder may have many causative factors contributing to the symptoms. This chapter will present an overview of the mechanisms through which shoulder symptoms develop and provide guidelines for evaluation and treatment. The term “disabled throwing shoulder” (DTS) is a general term that describes the limitations of function that exist in symptomatic overhead athletes – from baseball players to tennis players – in that they cannot optimally perform the task of throwing or hitting the ball. In the large percentage of cases, the DTS is the result of a “cascade to injury,” a process in which the body’s response to the inherent demands of throwing or hitting result in a series of alterations throughout the kinetic chain can affect the optimal function of all segments in the chain. These alterations of function, termed dysfunctions, can have anatomical, physiological, and/or biomechanical causative factors.


Rotator Cuff External Rotation Rotator Cuff Tear Kinetic Chain Slap Lesion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Ben Kibler
    • 1
  • John E. Kuhn
    • 2
  • Aaron D. Sciascia
    • 1
  • Tim L. Uhl
    • 3
  1. 1.Shoulder Center of Kentucky, Lexington Clinic, Section of OrthopedicsLexingtonUSA
  2. 2.Vanderbilt Sports MedicineVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  3. 3.Rehabilitation SciencesUniversity of Kentucky, College of Health SciencesLexingtonUSA

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