Lung Surgery

  • Craig Jurisevic
  • Jayme Bennetts
  • Brendon J. Coventry
Chapter
Part of the Surgery: Complications, Risks and Consequences book series (SCRC)

Abstract

Thoracic surgery ranges from straightforward bronchoscopic procedures to highly complex lung resections. Combined thoracic and abdominal approaches for certain conditions are not uncommon. This chapter brings together a range of thoracic surgical procedures with the aim of providing information on complications, risks, and consequences of those procedures. For information on associated procedures, refer to the relevant chapter or volume.

Keywords

Catheter Ischemia Pneumonia Perforation Pneumothorax 

Further Reading, References, and Resources

Bronchoscopy

  1. Baue AE. Glen’s thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. 6th ed. Connecticut: Appleton and Lange; 1996Google Scholar
  2. Sabiston DC, Spencer FC. Surgery of the chest. 5th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1990.Google Scholar
  3. Shields TW. General thoracic surgery. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1994.Google Scholar

Thoracoscopy

  1. Baue AE. Glen’s thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. 6th ed. Connecticut: Appleton and Lange; 1996Google Scholar
  2. Clemente CD. Anatomy – a regional atlas of the human body. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins; 1997.Google Scholar
  3. Flores RM, Park BJ, Dycoco J, Aronova A, Hirth Y, Rizk NP, Bains M, Downey RJ, Rusch VW. Lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) versus thoracotomy for lung cancer. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;138(1):11–8.Google Scholar
  4. Jamieson GG. The anatomy of general surgical operations. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston; 2006.Google Scholar
  5. Nakanishi R, Oka S, Odate S. Video-assisted thoracic surgery major pulmonary resection requiring control of the main pulmonary artery. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2009;9(4):618–22. Epub 2009 Jul 14.Google Scholar
  6. Sabiston DC, Spencer FC. Surgery of the chest. 5th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1990.Google Scholar
  7. Schuchert MJ, Pettiford BL, Pennathur A, Abbas G, Awais O, Close J, Kilic A, Jack R, Landreneau JR, Landreneau JP, Wilson DO, Luketich JD, Landreneau RJ. Anatomic segmentectomy for stage I non-small-cell lung cancer: comparison of video-assisted thoracic surgery versus open approach. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;138(6):1318–25.e1.Google Scholar
  8. Seder CW, Hanna K, Lucia V, Boura J, Kim SW, Welsh RJ, Chmielewski GW. The safe transition from open to thoracoscopic lobectomy: a 5-year experience. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(1):216–25;discussion 225–6.Google Scholar
  9. Shapiro M, Weiser TS, Wisnivesky JP, Chin C, Arustamyan M, Swanson SJ. Thoracoscopic segmentectomy compares favorably with thoracoscopic lobectomy for patients with small stage I lung cancer. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;137(6):1388–93. Epub 2009 Apr 11.Google Scholar
  10. Shields TW. General thoracic surgery. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1994.Google Scholar
  11. Yang X, Qu J, Wang S. Long-term outcomes of video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy for nonsmall cell lung cancer. South Med J. 2009;102(9):905–8.Google Scholar

Thoracotomy

  1. Alifano M, Cusumano G, Strano S, Magdeleinat P, Bobbio A, Giraud F, Lebeau B, Régnard JF. Lobectomy with pulmonary artery resection: morbidity, mortality, and long-term survival. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;135(6):1400–5. Epub 2009 Feb 23.Google Scholar
  2. Baue AE. Glen’s thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. 6th ed. Connecticut: Appleton and Lange; 1996Google Scholar
  3. Berry MF, Hanna J, Tong BC, Burfeind WR Jr, Harpole DH, D’Amico TA, Onaitis MW. Risk factors for morbidity after lobectomy for lung cancer in elderly patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(4):1093–9.Google Scholar
  4. Clemente CD. Anatomy – a regional atlas of the human body. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins; 1997.Google Scholar
  5. Jamieson GG. The anatomy of general surgical operations. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston; 2006.Google Scholar
  6. Jichen QV, Chen G, Jiang G, Ding J, Gao W, Chen C. Risk factor comparison and clinical analysis of early and late bronchopleural fistula after non-small cell lung cancer surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(5):1589–93.Google Scholar
  7. Kilic A, Schuchert MJ, Pettiford BL, Pennathur A, Landreneau JR, Landreneau JP, Luketich JD, Landreneau RJ. Anatomic segmentectomy for stage I non-small cell lung cancer in the elderly. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;87(6):1662–6;discussion 1667–8.Google Scholar
  8. Mansour Z, Kochetkova EA, Santelmo N, Meyer P, Wihlm JM, Quoix E, Massard G. Risk factors for early mortality and morbidity after pneumonectomy: a reappraisal. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(6):1737–43.Google Scholar
  9. Sabiston DC, Spencer FC. Surgery of the chest. 5th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1990.Google Scholar
  10. Seder CW, Hanna K, Lucia V, Boura J, Kim SW, Welsh RJ, Chmielewski GW. The safe transition from open to thoracoscopic lobectomy: a 5-year experience. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(1):216–25;discussion 225–6.Google Scholar
  11. Shields TW. General thoracic surgery. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1994.Google Scholar
  12. Shrager JB, DeCamp MM, Murthy SC. Intraoperative and postoperative management of air leaks in patients with emphysema. Thorac Surg Clin. 2009;19(2):223–31, ix. Review.Google Scholar
  13. Voltolini L, Rapicetta C, Ligabue T, Luzzi L, Scala V, Gotti G. Short- and long-term results of lung resection for cancer in octogenarians. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2009;17(2):147–52.Google Scholar

Partial Lung Resection

  1. Alifano M, Cusumano G, Strano S, Magdeleinat P, Bobbio A, Giraud F, Lebeau B, Régnard JF. Lobectomy with pulmonary artery resection: morbidity, mortality, and long-term survival. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;137(6):1400–5.Google Scholar
  2. Baue AE. Glen’s thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. 6th ed. Connecticut: Appleton and Lange; 1996Google Scholar
  3. Berry MF, Hanna J, Tong BC, Burfeind WR Jr, Harpole DH, D’Amico TA, Onaitis MW. Risk factors for morbidity after lobectomy for lung cancer in elderly patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(4):1093–9.Google Scholar
  4. Clemente CD. Anatomy – a regional atlas of the human body. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins; 1997.Google Scholar
  5. Ferguson MK, Gaissert HA, Grab JD, Sheng S. Pulmonary complications after lung resection in the absence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the predictive role of diffusing capacity. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;138(6):1297–302Google Scholar
  6. Flores RM, Park BJ, Dycoco J, Aronova A, Hirth Y, Rizk NP, Bains M, Downey RJ, Rusch VW. Lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) versus thoracotomy for lung cancer. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;138(1):11–8.Google Scholar
  7. Jamieson GG. The anatomy of general surgical operations. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston; 2006.Google Scholar
  8. Jichen QV, Chen G, Jiang G, Ding J, Gao W, Chen C. Risk factor comparison and clinical analysis of early and late bronchopleural fistula after non-small cell lung cancer surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(5):1589–93.Google Scholar
  9. Kilic A, Schuchert MJ, Pettiford BL, Pennathur A, Landreneau JR, Landreneau JP, Luketich JD, Landreneau RJ. Anatomic segmentectomy for stage I non-small cell lung cancer in the elderly. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;87(6):1662–6;discussion 1667–8.Google Scholar
  10. Nakanishi R, Oka S, Odate S. Video-assisted thoracic surgery major pulmonary resection requiring control of the main pulmonary artery. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2009;9(4):618–22Google Scholar
  11. Pettiford BL, Schuchert MJ, Abbas G, Pennathur A, Gilbert S, Kilic A, Landreneau JR, Jack R, Landreneau JP, Wilson DO, Luketich JD, Landreneau RJ. Anterior minithoracotomy: a direct approach to the difficult hilum for upper lobectomy, pneumonectomy, and sleeve lobectomy. Ann Surg Oncol. 2009. [Epub ahead of print].Google Scholar
  12. Refai M, Brunelli A, Rocco G, Ferguson MK, Fortiparri SN, Salati M, La Rocca A, Kawamukai K. Does induction treatment increase the risk of morbidity and mortality after pneumonectomy? A multicentre case-matched analysis. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2010;37(3):535–9.Google Scholar
  13. Sabiston DC, Spencer FC. Surgery of the chest. 5th ed. Philadelphia:WB Saunders;1990.Google Scholar
  14. Schuchert MJ, Pettiford BL, Pennathur A, Abbas G, Awais O, Close J, Kilic A, Jack R, Landreneau JR, Landreneau JP, Wilson DO, Luketich JD, Landreneau RJ. Anatomic segmentectomy for stage I non-small-cell lung cancer: comparison of video-assisted thoracic surgery versus open approach. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;138(6):1318–25.e1.Google Scholar
  15. Seder CW, Hanna K, Lucia V, Boura J, Kim SW, Welsh RJ, Chmielewski GW. The safe transition from open to thoracoscopic lobectomy: a 5-year experience. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(1):216–25;discussion 225–6.Google Scholar
  16. Shapiro M, Weiser TS, Wisnivesky JP, Chin C, Arustamyan M, Swanson SJ. Thoracoscopic segmentectomy compares favorably with thoracoscopic lobectomy for patients with small stage I lung cancer. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;137(6):1388–93Google Scholar
  17. Shrager JB, DeCamp MM, Murthy SC. Intraoperative and postoperative management of air leaks in patients with emphysema. Thorac Surg Clin. 2009;19(2):223–31, ix. Review.Google Scholar
  18. Shields TW. General thoracic surgery. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1994.Google Scholar
  19. Voltolini L, Rapicetta C, Ligabue T, Luzzi L, Scala V, Gotti G. Short- and long-term results of lung resection for cancer in octogenarians. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2009;17(2):147–52.Google Scholar
  20. Yang X, Qu J, Wang S. Long-term outcomes of video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy for nonsmall cell lung cancer. South Med J. 2009;102(9):905–8.Google Scholar

Total Pneumonectomy

  1. Baue AE. Glen’s thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. 6th ed. Connecticut: Appleton and Lange; 1996Google Scholar
  2. Berry MF, Hanna J, Tong BC, Burfeind WR Jr, Harpole DH, D’Amico TA, Onaitis MW. Risk factors for morbidity after lobectomy for lung cancer in elderly patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(4):1093–9.Google Scholar
  3. Clemente CD. Anatomy – a regional atlas of the human body. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins; 1997.Google Scholar
  4. Ferguson MK, Gaissert HA, Grab JD, Sheng S. Pulmonary complications after lung resection in the absence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the predictive role of diffusing capacity. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;138(6):1297–302. Epub 2009 Sep 26.Google Scholar
  5. Jamieson GG. The anatomy of general surgical operations. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston; 2006.Google Scholar
  6. Jichen QV, Chen G, Jiang G, Ding J, Gao W, Chen C. Risk factor comparison and clinical analysis of early and late bronchopleural fistula after non-small cell lung cancer surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(5):1589–93.Google Scholar
  7. Mansour Z, Kochetkova EA, Santelmo N, Meyer P, Wihlm JM, Quoix E, Massard G. Risk factors for early mortality and morbidity after pneumonectomy: a reappraisal. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(6):1737–43.Google Scholar
  8. Nakanishi R, Oka S, Odate S. Video-assisted thoracic surgery major pulmonary resection requiring control of the main pulmonary artery. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2009;9(4):618–22. Epub 2009 Jul 14.Google Scholar
  9. Pettiford BL, Schuchert MJ, Abbas G, Pennathur A, Gilbert S, Kilic A, Landreneau JR, Jack R, Landreneau JP, Wilson DO, Luketich JD, Landreneau RJ. Anterior minithoracotomy: a direct approach to the difficult hilum for upper lobectomy, pneumonectomy, and sleeve lobectomy. Ann Surg Oncol. 2010;17(1):123–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Refai M, Brunelli A, Rocco G, Ferguson MK, Fortiparri SN, Salati M, La Rocca A, Kawamukai K. Does induction treatment increase the risk of morbidity and mortality after pneumonectomy? A multicentre case-matched analysis. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2010;37(3):535–9.Google Scholar
  11. Sabiston DC, Spencer FC. Surgery of the chest. 5th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1990.Google Scholar
  12. Sahai RK, Nwogu CE, Yendamuri S, Tan W, Wilding GE, Demmy TL. Is thoracoscopic pneumonectomy safe? Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;88(4):1086–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Shields TW. General thoracic surgery. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1994.Google Scholar
  14. Shrager JB, DeCamp MM, Murthy SC. Intraoperative and postoperative management of air leaks in patients with emphysema. Thorac Surg Clin. 2009;19(2):223–31, ix. Review.Google Scholar
  15. Voltolini L, Rapicetta C, Ligabue T, Luzzi L, Scala V, Gotti G. Short- and long-term results of lung resection for cancer in octogenarians. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2009;17(2):147–52.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Craig Jurisevic
    • 1
  • Jayme Bennetts
    • 2
  • Brendon J. Coventry
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryRoyal Adelaide HospitalAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Cardiac and Thoracic SurgeryFlinders Medical CentreAdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.Discipline of Surgery, Royal Adelaide HospitalUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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