Hard Collisions

  • Brian J. McParland


This chapter presents the differential cross sections in energy transfer for hard collisions between a target electron and massive spin-0 and spin-½ and electron and positron projectiles. Using the collision stopping power, these are then used to derive the corresponding hard-collision stopping powers.

Bibliography and Further Reading

  1. Ahlen SP. Theoretical and experimental aspects of the energy loss of relativistic heavy ionizing particles. Rev Mod Phys. 1980;52:121–73 (erratum Rev Mod Phys 1980; 52: 653).Google Scholar
  2. Attix FH. Introduction to radiological physics and radiation dosimetry; 1986.Google Scholar
  3. Berger MJ, Seltzer SM. Stopping powers and ranges of electrons and positrons. NBSIR 82-2550-A. Washington, DC: National Bureau of Standards; 1983.Google Scholar
  4. Fano U. Studies in penetration of charged particles in matter, Nuclear Science Series Report No 39. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences; 1964. p. 1–338.Google Scholar
  5. ICRU. Stopping powers and ranges for electrons and positrons. ICRU Report 37. Bethesda: International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements; 1984.Google Scholar
  6. ICRU. Stopping powers and ranges for protons and alpha particles. ICRU Report 49. Bethesda: International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements; 1993.Google Scholar
  7. Uehling EA. Penetration of heavy charged particles in matter. Annu Rev Nucl Sci. 1954;4:315–50.Google Scholar
  8. Ziegler JF. The stopping of energetic light ions in elemental matter. J Appl Phys. 1999;85:1249–72.Google Scholar


  1. Bhabha HJ. The scattering of positrons by electrons with exchange on Dirac’s theory of the positron. Proc R Soc A. 1936;154:195–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhabha JH. On the penetrating component of cosmic radiation. Proc R Soc A. 1938;164:257–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Massey HSW, Corben HS. Elastic collisions of mesons with electrons and protons. Proc Camb Philos Soc. 1939;35:463–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Møller C. Zur theorie des durchgangs schneller electronen durch materie. Ann Physik. 1932;14:531–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Rohrlich F, Carlson BC. Positron-electron differences in energy loss and multiple scattering. Phys Rev. 1954;93:38–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian J. McParland
    • 1
  1. 1.Amersham, BuckinghamshireUK

Personalised recommendations