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Minimally Invasive Uro-Oncology

  • Nicholas G. Cost
  • Paul H. Noh
Chapter

Abstract

Despite advances in minimally invasive surgery and the increasing adoption of such techniques in pediatric urology, there remains a paucity of data or evidence-based recommendations for its use for pediatric or adolescent urologic oncology. However, there are a number of malignancies managed by urologic surgeons which have surgical indications that may be reasonably approached by minimally invasive surgery. There exist published reports of various adrenal (neuroblastoma), renal (Wilms tumor and renal cell carcinoma), testicular (germ cell tumor), and paratesticular (rhabdomyosarcoma) malignancies in children which have been managed with laparoscopy or robotic-assisted laparoscopy. Also, childhood prostate and bladder tumors, such as rhabdomyosarcoma, are routinely approached initially by endoscopy. The history of endoscopy and laparoscopy in pediatric urologic oncology provides a foundation for its current indications. In this chapter we will review the surgical techniques (including patient positioning, port placement, and selection of surgical instrumentation) and suggestions for approaching pediatric and adolescent urologic malignancies with minimally invasive surgery.

Additionally, we will review potential complications and critically discuss the controversy surrounding its use.

Keywords

Pediatric Adolescent Cancer Oncology Malignancy Urologic Surgical Minimally invasive Laparoscopy Endoscopy 

Abbreviations

COG

Children’s Oncology Group

IDRFs

Image-Defined Risk Factors

IMT

Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumors

IPEG

International Pediatric Endosurgery Group

IV

Intravenous

IVC

Inferior Vena Cava

LN

Lymph Node

MIS

Minimally Invasive Surgery

NSS

Nephron-Sparing Surgery

PT-RMS

Paratesticular Rhabdomyosarcoma

RCC

Renal Cell Carcinoma

RMS

Rhabdomyosarcoma

RN

Radical Nephrectomy

RPLND

Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection

SIOP

International Society of Pediatric Oncology

T-GCT

Testicular Germ Cell Tumors

TUR

Transurethral Resection

WT

Wilms Tumor

Supplementary material

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VTS_01_1 (VOB 0.99 GB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Urology Pediatric Urology and Urologic Oncology, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Children’s Hospital Colorado and University of Colorado HospitalAuroraUSA
  2. 2.Minimally Invasive Surgery, Division of Pediatric UrologyCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA

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