General Principles of Cystourethroscopy

  • Melise A. Keays
  • Linda A. Baker


Many children require cystourethroscopy to diagnose, characterize, or treat their genitourinary disorder. Several diseases or anomalies are best treated by cystoscopic minimally invasive means, including posterior urethral valves, ureteroceles, vesicoureteral reflux, urethral stricture/fistula/diverticulum, hematuria, urinary stones, tumors, or other rare birth defects. In this chapter, preoperative, operative, and postoperative techniques and tips of cystourethroscopy are discussed, highlighting its versatility.


Cystoscopy Cystourethroscopy Pediatric Infant Genitourinary Anomalies 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melise A. Keays
    • 1
  • Linda A. Baker
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric UrologyChildren’s Medical CenterDallasUSA
  2. 2.Department of Urology, Pediatric Urology ResearchChildren’s Medical CenterDallasUSA

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