Internal Configuration of the Heart

  • Florin Mihail Filipoiu
Chapter

Abstract

The right atrium is situated in front and to the right from the left atrium. From the tricuspid orifice the right atrium is located further more behind than above (Fig. 6.1).

Keywords

Vortex Catheter Depression Mold Warfarin 

References

  1. 1.
    Inoue S, Becker AE, Riccardi R, Gaita F. Interruption of the inferior extension of the compact atrioventricular node underlies successful radio frequency ablation of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 1999;3:273–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cabrera JA, Sanchez-Quintana D, Ho SY, Medina A, Wanguemert F, Gross E, Grillo J, Hernandez E, Anderson RH. Angiographic anatomy of the inferior right atrial isthmus in patients with and without history of common atrial flutter. Circulation. 1999;99:3017–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Necrasov OV, Dornescu GT. Anatomia comparată a vertebratelor. Bucureşti: Editura Didactică şi Pedagogică; 1971.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hokken RB, Bartelings MM, Bogers JJC, Gittenberger-de Groot AC. Morphology of the pulmonary and aortic roots with regard to the pulmonary autograft procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997;113:453–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    McKay T, Thomas L. ‘Coumadin ridge’ in the left atrium demonstrated on three dimensional transthoracic echocardiography. Eur J Echocardiogr. 2008;9(2):298–300.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ernst G, Stollberger C, Abzieher F, et al. Morphology of the left atrial appendage. Anat Rec. 1995;242:553–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kato R, Lickfett L, Meininger G, et al. Pulmonary vein – anatomy in patients undergoing catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Lessons learned by use of magnetic resonance imaging. Circulation. 2003;107(15):2004–10.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Silverman ME, Grove D, Upshaw CB. Why does the heart beat? The discovery of the electrical system of the heart. Circulation. 2006;113:2775–81.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Anderson RH, Razavi R, Taylor AM. Cardiac anatomy revisited. J Anat. 2004;205:159–77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Muresian H, Diena M, Cerin G, Filipoiu F. The mitral valve: new insights into the clinical anatomy. Maedica. J Clin Med. 2006;1(4):5–12.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Anderson RH. Clinical anatomy of the aortic root. Heart. 2000;84:670–3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florin Mihail Filipoiu
    • 1
  1. 1.Anatomy DepartmentUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy Carol DavilaBucharestRomania

Personalised recommendations