Living as Languaging: Distributed Knowledge in Living Beings

Abstract

We trace life at different levels of organization and/or description: from protein ecosystems in the cell up to the cohabitation of individuals within and between historically established lineages. Ways of such cohabitation depend on experience of particular guilds or aggregates; they cannot be easily foretold from any basic level of description, they are distributed across all levels, and across all members of the community. Such phenomena of interactivity constitute a lived world which, we argue, represents a genuine analogy with domains of human cultures and languages. We draw an analogy with three levels of meaning as defined by Rappaport (Ritual and religion in the making of humanity, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2010) and make an attempt to show that life and languaging are virtually analogous.

Keywords

Sugar Cellulose Crystallization Codon Respiration 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Supported by the Grant Agency of Czech Republic 13-24275S, by the Charles University Project UNCE 204004 (JS), and by the Charles University Grant 43-25316 (JL). We thank Stephen Cowley for innumerable comments, and for putting the text into tolerable English. Fatima Cvrčková is the cartoons’ creator.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anton Markoš
    • 1
  • Jana Švorcová
    • 1
  • Josef Lhotský
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Department of Philosophy and History of ScienceCharles University PraguePraha 2Czech Republic

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