Indications and Outcome of PPM and ICD Placement

  • Joseph J. GermanoEmail author
  • Joshua R. DeLeon
  • Daniel R. Zakhary
  • Mark E. Josephson


The use of synchronized atrioventricular (AV) pacing devices and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) plays a critical role in the management of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Indications for pacing and defibrillators follow the standard guidelines for treatment of conduction disease and arrhythmias in the general population, with distinct additional indications for HCM patients based on the potential to mitigate diastolic dysfunction and outflow tract gradients, and the potential for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. ICDs can be a life-saving therapy in high-risk HCM patients, but the early placement of these devices in younger patients may expose them to a higher lifetime risk of complications. Given the unique nature of HCM, specific procedural and programming considerations should be taken into account.


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Pacemaker Implantable-cardioverter defibrillator Device programming Sudden cardiac death Appropriate implantable-cardioverter defibrillator Inappropriate implantable-cardioverter defibrillator 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph J. Germano
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joshua R. DeLeon
    • 1
  • Daniel R. Zakhary
    • 1
  • Mark E. Josephson
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Medicine and Division of CardiologyStony Brook Medical School, Winthrop-University HospitalMineolaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medicine and Division of CardiologyBeth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Medicine and Division of CardiologyHarvard-Thorndike Electrophysiology Institute and Arrhythmia Service, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA
  4. 4.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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