Anorectal Malformations

  • Marc A. Levitt
  • Richard J. Wood


Anorectal malformations (ARM) present across a range of defects, from isolated malformations with a good functional prognosis to complex malformations with associated defects, and a poor functional prognosis. The potential for bowel control can be predicted even in the newborn, which is the information that the parents are most concerned about.


Imperforate anus Anorectal malformations Classification Surgery Bowel management Outcomes 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Colorectal and Pelvic ReconstructionNationwide Children’s HospitalColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Center for Colorectal and Pelvic ReconstructionNationwide Children’s HospitalColumbusUSA
  3. 3.The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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