Anorectal malformations (ARM) present across a range of defects, from isolated malformations with a good functional prognosis to complex malformations with associated defects, and a poor functional prognosis. The potential for bowel control can be predicted even in the newborn, which is the information that the parents are most concerned about.
KeywordsImperforate anus Anorectal malformations Classification Surgery Bowel management Outcomes
- 3.Wood R, Levitt MA. Pediatric anal and colorectal problems. Clin Colon Rectal Surg.[In Press]Google Scholar
- 6.Wood RJ, Reck-Burneo CA, Dajusta D, Ching C, Jayanthi R, Bates DG, Fuchs ME, McCracken K, Hewitt G, Levitt MA. Cloaca reconstruction: a new algorithm which considers the role of urethral length in determining surgical planning. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Oct 12. pii: S0022-3468(17)30644-9.Google Scholar