Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Chapter

Abstract

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) is a life-saving intensive care technology that uses partial heart and lung bypass for extended periods. Also known as extracorporeal life support (ECLS), it is not a therapeutic modality, but rather a supportive tool that provides sufficient gas exchange and perfusion for patients with acute, reversible cardiac or respiratory failure. This affords the patient’s cardiopulmonary system time to rest, sparing them from the deleterious effects of traumatic mechanical ventilation and perfusion impairment.

Keywords

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) Cardio-respiratory care Newborn Outcomes 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arul S. Thirumoorthi
    • 1
  • Charles J. H. Stolar
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Pediatric SurgeryColumbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New york CityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Rudolph N. Schullinger Professor Emeritus of Surgery and PediatricsCollege of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia UniversityNew York CityUSA
  3. 3.California Pediatric Surgical GroupSanta BarbaraUSA

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