Concrete with Recycled Aggregates in International Codes

  • Jorge de Brito
  • Nabajyoti Saikia
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Despite being an ancient activity, the management of waste produced in construction activities did not get much attention until the last decade. Construction and demolition waste (CDW) is not subjected to management practices as with municipal solid waste, perhaps due to the higher toxicity of the latter as compared with the former’s. Recently, rapid urban expansion, stringent environmental regulations and the scarcity of land filling areas as well as the natural resources over-exploitation led to the need of using CDW as aggregate for construction purposes.


Replacement Ratio Recycle Aggregate Strength Class Recycle Concrete Aggregate Concrete Aggregate 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering, Architecture and GeoresourcesInstituto Superior Técnico (IST)LisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Faculty of Science and TechnologyKaziranga UniversityJorhatIndia

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