• Jodi L. Zilinski
  • Stephan B. Danik
  • Stephan B. Danik


The word “syncope” is derived from the Greek syn, meaning “with” and koptein meaning “to cut off/interrupt”. The use of the word syncope to describe the abrupt “cutting off” of consciousness has been in place for hundreds of years. No matter what term patients use: syncope, fainting, drop attacks, or spells is used, the concept transient loss of consciousness followed by spontaneous recovery has been, is and always will be a common issue for cardiologists to diagnose and manage. Many causes of syncope are outside the scope of cardiology. Due to the inherent life-threatening nature of many cardiac causes of syncope, it is important for the cardiologist to be well versed on the topic.


Right Ventricle Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Structural Heart Disease Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy Brugada Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor


Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy


Aortic stenosis




Beta blocker


Blood pressure


Beats per minute


Coronary artery disease


Calcium channel blocker


Carotid endarterectomy


Congestive Heart Failure


Carotid Sinus Massage


Computed Tomography


Diastolic blood pressure






Ejection Fraction


Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy


Heart rate


Implantable cardioverter defibrillator


Loss of consciousness


Myocardial infarction


Magnetic Resonance Imaging


Mitral stenosis


Neurally mediated syncope


Non-sustained ventricular tachycardia


Physical counter-pressure maneuvers


Pulmonary embolus


Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome


Pulmonic stenosis


Peripheral vascular resistance


Right ventricle


Systolic blood pressure


Sudden cardiac death


Structural heart disease


Sick sinus syndrome


Supraventricular tachyarrhythmia


Transient Ischemic Attack


Ventricular fibrillation


Ventricular tachycardia




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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jodi L. Zilinski
    • 1
  • Stephan B. Danik
    • 2
  • Stephan B. Danik
    • 3
  1. 1.Harvard Medical School Cardiology Division, Department of MedicineMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Experimental Electrophysiology Laboratory, Cardiac Arrhythmia Service, Cardiology Division, Department of MedicineMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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