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Valvular Heart Disease

  • Sammy Elmariah
  • James L. JanuzziJr.
  • James L. JanuzziJr.
  • Aidan W. Flynn
  • Praveen Mehrotra
  • Igor F. Palacios
  • Igor F. Palacios
Chapter

Abstract

Valvular heart disease is a growing public health concern – as our population ages, the prevalence of valvular heart disease will only rise. The expansive topic encompasses numerous disease entities, complex hemodynamics, invasive and noninvasive testing, and involved management decisions. In addition, perhaps more so than any other topic in cardiology, the diagnosis and management of valvular heart disease is dependent on the history and physical examination. Such complexity makes valvular heart disease a prime topic for cardiology board examinations.

Keywords

Mitral Valve Right Ventricular Aortic Stenosis Infective Endocarditis Aortic Regurgitation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AR

Aortic regurgitation

AS

Aortic stenosis

AV

Aortic valve

BAV

Percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty

CSA

Cross sectional area

DFP

Diastolic filling period

DT

Deceleration time

HR

Heart rate

LV

Left ventricular

LVOT

Left ventricular outflow tract

MR

Mitral regurgitation

MS

Mitral stenosis

MVA

Mitral valve area

MVG

Mitral valve gradient

MVR

Mitral valve replacement

NYHA

New York Heart Association

PHT

Pressure half-time

PMV

Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty

PR

Pulmonic regurgitation

PS

Pulmonic stenosis

RA

Right atrial

RV

Right ventricular

TR

Tricuspid regurgitation

TS

Tricuspid stenosis

VTI

Velocity time integral

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sammy Elmariah
    • 1
  • James L. JanuzziJr.
    • 2
  • James L. JanuzziJr.
    • 3
  • Aidan W. Flynn
    • 4
  • Praveen Mehrotra
    • 4
  • Igor F. Palacios
    • 5
  • Igor F. Palacios
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Harvard Medical School Interventional Cardiology, Cardiology Division, Department of MedicineMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Cardiology Division, Department of MedicineMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  4. 4.Harvard Medical School Cardiology Division, Department of MedicineMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  5. 5.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  6. 6.Knight Catheterization LaboratoryBostonUSA
  7. 7.Interventional Cardiology, Cardiology Division, Department of MedicineMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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