Biomedical Decision Making: Probabilistic Clinical Reasoning
How is the concept of probability useful for understanding test results and for making medical decisions that involve uncertainty?
How can we characterize the ability of a test to discriminate between disease and health?
What information do we need to interpret test results accurately?
What is expected-value decision making? How can this methodology help us to understand particular medical problems?
What are utilities, and how can we use them to represent patients’ preferences?
What is a sensitivity analysis? How can we use it to examine the robustness of a decision and to identify the important variables in a decision?
What are influence diagrams? How do they differ from decision trees?
KeywordsDecision Analysis Treatment Threshold Positive Test Result Standard Gamble Pretest Probability
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