Current State of Models for the Prediction of Mechanical Failures in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

The solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology has to face many challenges before its large-scale commercialisation. Costs reduction, along with enhanced reliability, durability, fuel flexibility, load following capabilities and compactness are needed. Yet, despite all the research, the exact underlying mechanisms of the electrochemical reactions have not yet been unambiguously identified. The high-temperature environment promotes physicochemical modifications of the materials that alter the electrochemical and mechanical properties after prolonged use. The driving forces of these degradation processes that arise from chemical interactions between the SOFC materials themselves, on the one hand, and the volatile contaminants transported by the fed gases, on the other hand, have not yet been fully clarified.

Keywords

Combustion Porosity Nickel Crystallization Anisotropy 

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© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Energétique Industrielle (LENI)Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)LausanneSwitzerland

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