Carotid Endarterectomy: Inflammatory Aspects

  • Sthefano Atique GabrielEmail author
  • Edmo Atique Gabriel


Carotid artery stenosis is a common disease related to the occurrence of transient ischemic attacks and strokes. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA), first performed by De Bakey in 1953, is a widely applied method to prevent recurrent neurological symptoms and stroke in patients with severe carotid artery stenosis. However, 3–7 % of the CEA procedures are complicated by disabling or nondisabling strokes [1, 2].


Carotid Endarterectomy Carotid Plaque Carotid Atherosclerosis Carotid Artery Stenosis Carotid Artery Disease 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sthefano Atique Gabriel
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Edmo Atique Gabriel
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Vascular SurgeryPontifical Catholic University of CampinasSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Vascular SurgeryCelso Pierro Hospital and MaternityCampinasBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Cardiovascular SurgeryUniversity Nove de JulhoSão PauloBrazil

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